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Computer vulnerabilities of HP NNMi

computer vulnerability alert CVE-2015-2808

TLS: RC4 decryption via Bar Mitzvah

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can use the Bar Mitzvah Attack on TLS, in order to obtain sensitive information encrypted by RC4.
Impacted products: DCFM Enterprise, Brocade Network Advisor, Brocade vTM, Avamar, Black Diamond, ExtremeXOS, Summit, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, HPE BSM, HP Data Protector, HPE NNMi, HP Operations, SiteScope, HP Switch, HP-UX, AIX, DB2 UDB, Domino, Notes, IRAD, Security Directory Server, Tivoli Storage Manager, Tivoli Workload Scheduler, WebSphere AS Traditional, WebSphere MQ, SnapManager, Oracle Communications, Oracle Directory Server, Oracle Directory Services Plus, Oracle Fusion Middleware, Oracle GlassFish Server, Oracle Identity Management, Oracle iPlanet Web Server, Oracle OIT, Oracle Virtual Directory, WebLogic, Oracle Web Tier, SSL protocol, RHEL, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop, SLES.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: data reading.
Provenance: internet client.
Creation date: 27/03/2015.
Identifiers: 1450666, 1610582, 1647054, 1882708, 1883551, 1883553, 1902260, 1903541, 1960659, 1963275, 1967498, 523628, 7014463, 7022958, 7045736, 9010041, 9010044, Bar Mitzvah, BSA-2015-007, c04708650, c04767175, c04770140, c04772305, c04773119, c04773241, c04777195, c04777255, c04832246, c04926789, c05085988, c05336888, cpujan2018, cpuoct2017, CVE-2015-2808, DSA-2018-124, HPSBGN03350, HPSBGN03393, HPSBGN03399, HPSBGN03407, HPSBGN03414, HPSBGN03415, HPSBGN03580, HPSBHF03673, HPSBMU03345, HPSBMU03401, HPSBUX03435, HPSBUX03512, NTAP-20150715-0001, NTAP-20151028-0001, RHSA-2015:1020-01, RHSA-2015:1021-01, RHSA-2015:1091-01, SOL16864, SSRT102254, SSRT102977, SUSE-SU-2015:1073-1, SUSE-SU-2015:1085-1, SUSE-SU-2015:1086-1, SUSE-SU-2015:1086-2, SUSE-SU-2015:1086-3, SUSE-SU-2015:1086-4, SUSE-SU-2015:1138-1, SUSE-SU-2015:1161-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-16486, VN-2015-004.

Description of the vulnerability

During the initialization of a TLS session, the client and the server negotiate cryptographic algorithms. The RC4 algorithm can be chosen to encrypt data.

For some weak keys (one over 2^24), the Invariance Weakness can be used to predict the two LSB (Least Significant Bit) of the 100 first bytes encrypted with RC4. The first TLS message is "Finished" (36 bytes), thus an attacker can predict LSBs of 64 bytes.

An attacker can therefore use the Bar Mitzvah Attack on TLS, in order to obtain sensitive information encrypted by RC4.
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vulnerability alert CVE-2015-0138 CVE-2015-0204

OpenSSL, LibReSSL, Mono, JSSE: weakening TLS encryption via FREAK

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker, located as a Man-in-the-Middle, can force the Chrome, JSSE, LibReSSL, Mono or OpenSSL client to accept a weak export algorithm, in order to more easily capture or alter exchanged data.
Impacted products: Arkoon FAST360, ArubaOS, Avaya Ethernet Routing Switch, ProxyAV, ProxySG par Blue Coat, SGOS by Blue Coat, FabricOS, Brocade Network Advisor, Cisco ATA, AnyConnect VPN Client, Cisco ACE, ASA, AsyncOS, Cisco ESA, IOS by Cisco, IronPort Email, IronPort Web, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Cisco Prime Access Registrar, Prime Collaboration Assurance, Cisco Prime DCNM, Prime Infrastructure, Cisco Prime LMS, Prime Network Control Systems, Cisco PRSM, Cisco Router, Cisco IP Phone, Cisco MeetingPlace, Cisco WSA, Clearswift Email Gateway, Debian, Black Diamond, ExtremeXOS, Summit, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, Fedora, FortiClient, FortiGate, FortiGate Virtual Appliance, FortiOS, FreeBSD, Chrome, HPE NNMi, HP-UX, AIX, DB2 UDB, Domino, Notes, IRAD, Security Directory Server, Tivoli Directory Server, Tivoli Storage Manager, Tivoli Workload Scheduler, WebSphere AS Traditional, WebSphere MQ, Juniper J-Series, Junos OS, Junos Space, Junos Space Network Management Platform, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, Juniper SBR, McAfee Email Gateway, ePO, McAfee NTBA, McAfee NGFW, VirusScan, McAfee Web Gateway, Windows (platform) ~ not comprehensive, Data ONTAP, NetBSD, NetScreen Firewall, ScreenOS, Nodejs Core, OpenBSD, Java OpenJDK, OpenSSL, openSUSE, openSUSE Leap, Oracle Communications, Oracle Directory Services Plus, Oracle Fusion Middleware, Oracle Internet Directory, Java Oracle, Solaris, Tuxedo, WebLogic, pfSense, Puppet, RHEL, Base SAS Software, SAS SAS/CONNECT, Slackware, Sophos AV, Splunk Enterprise, Stonesoft NGFW/VPN, stunnel, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop, SLES, Ubuntu, Unix (platform) ~ not comprehensive.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: data reading, data creation/edition.
Provenance: internet server.
Number of vulnerabilities in this bulletin: 2.
Creation date: 04/03/2015.
Revision date: 09/03/2015.
Identifiers: 122007, 1450666, 1610582, 1647054, 1698613, 1699051, 1699810, 1700225, 1700997, 1701485, 1902260, 1903541, 1963275, 1968485, 1973383, 55767, 7014463, 7022958, 9010028, ARUBA-PSA-2015-003, bulletinjan2015, c04556853, c04679334, c04773241, CERTFR-2015-AVI-108, CERTFR-2015-AVI-117, CERTFR-2015-AVI-146, CERTFR-2016-AVI-303, cisco-sa-20150310-ssl, cpuapr2017, cpujul2018, cpuoct2017, CTX216642, CVE-2015-0138, CVE-2015-0204, DSA-3125-1, FEDORA-2015-0512, FEDORA-2015-0601, FG-IR-15-007, FREAK, FreeBSD-SA-15:01.openssl, HPSBMU03345, HPSBUX03244, HPSBUX03334, JSA10679, MDVSA-2015:019, MDVSA-2015:062, MDVSA-2015:063, NetBSD-SA2015-006, NetBSD-SA2015-007, NTAP-20150205-0001, openSUSE-SU-2015:0130-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:0640-1, RHSA-2015:0066-01, RHSA-2015:0800-01, RHSA-2015:1020-01, RHSA-2015:1021-01, RHSA-2015:1091-01, SA40015, SA88, SA91, SB10108, SB10110, SOL16120, SOL16123, SOL16124, SOL16126, SOL16135, SOL16136, SOL16139, SP-CAAANXD, SPL-95203, SPL-95206, SSA:2015-009-01, SSRT101885, SSRT102000, SUSE-SU-2015:1073-1, SUSE-SU-2015:1085-1, SUSE-SU-2015:1086-1, SUSE-SU-2015:1086-2, SUSE-SU-2015:1086-3, SUSE-SU-2015:1086-4, SUSE-SU-2015:1138-1, SUSE-SU-2015:1161-1, T1022075, USN-2459-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-16301, VN-2015-003_FREAK, VU#243585.

Description of the vulnerability

The TLS protocol uses a series of messages which have to be exchanged between the client and the server, before establishing a secured session.

Several cryptographic algorithms can be negotiated, such as algorithms allowed for USA export (less than 512 bits).

An attacker, located as a Man-in-the-Middle, can inject during the session initialization a message choosing an export algorithm. This message should generate an error, however some TLS clients accept it.

Note: the variant related to Windows is described in VIGILANCE-VUL-16332.

An attacker, located as a Man-in-the-Middle, can therefore force the Chrome, JSSE, LibReSSL, Mono or OpenSSL client to accept a weak export algorithm, in order to more easily capture or alter exchanged data.
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computer vulnerability CVE-2014-3566

SSL 3.0: decrypting session, POODLE

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker, located as a Man-in-the-Middle, can decrypt a SSL 3.0 session, in order to obtain sensitive information.
Impacted products: SES, SNS, Apache httpd, Arkoon FAST360, ArubaOS, Asterisk Open Source, BES, ProxyAV, ProxySG par Blue Coat, SGOS by Blue Coat, GAiA, CheckPoint IP Appliance, IPSO, SecurePlatform, CheckPoint Security Appliance, CheckPoint Security Gateway, Cisco ASR, Cisco ACE, ASA, AsyncOS, Cisco CSS, Cisco ESA, IOS by Cisco, IOS XE Cisco, IOS XR Cisco, IronPort Email, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Prime Infrastructure, Cisco PRSM, Cisco Router, WebNS, Clearswift Email Gateway, Clearswift Web Gateway, CUPS, Debian, Black Diamond, ExtremeXOS, Summit, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, Fedora, FortiGate, FortiGate Virtual Appliance, FortiManager, FortiManager Virtual Appliance, FortiOS, FreeBSD, F-Secure AV, hMailServer, HPE BSM, HP Data Protector, HPE NNMi, HP Operations, ProCurve Switch, SiteScope, HP Switch, TippingPoint IPS, HP-UX, AIX, Domino, Notes, Security Directory Server, SPSS Data Collection, Tivoli System Automation, Tivoli Workload Scheduler, WebSphere AS Traditional, WebSphere MQ, IVE OS, Juniper J-Series, Junos OS, Junos Space, Junos Space Network Management Platform, MAG Series by Juniper, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, Juniper SA, McAfee Email and Web Security, McAfee Email Gateway, ePO, VirusScan, McAfee Web Gateway, IE, Windows 2003, Windows 2008 R0, Windows 2008 R2, Windows 2012, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows (platform) ~ not comprehensive, Windows RT, Windows Vista, NETASQ, NetBSD, NetScreen Firewall, ScreenOS, nginx, Nodejs Core, OpenSSL, openSUSE, openSUSE Leap, Oracle DB, Oracle Fusion Middleware, Oracle Identity Management, Oracle OIT, Solaris, Tuxedo, WebLogic, Palo Alto Firewall PA***, PAN-OS, Polycom CMA, HDX, RealPresence Collaboration Server, RealPresence Distributed Media Application, Polycom VBP, Postfix, SSL protocol, Puppet, RHEL, JBoss EAP by Red Hat, RSA Authentication Manager, ROS, ROX, RuggedSwitch, Slackware, Splunk Enterprise, stunnel, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop, SLES, Synology DSM, Ubuntu, Unix (platform) ~ not comprehensive, ESXi, vCenter Server, VMware vSphere, VMware vSphere Hypervisor, WinSCP.
Severity: 3/4.
Consequences: data reading, data creation/edition.
Provenance: internet client.
Creation date: 15/10/2014.
Identifiers: 10923, 1589583, 1595265, 1653364, 1657963, 1663874, 1687167, 1687173, 1687433, 1687604, 1687611, 1690160, 1690185, 1690342, 1691140, 1692551, 1695392, 1696383, 1699051, 1700706, 2977292, 3009008, 7036319, aid-10142014, AST-2014-011, bulletinapr2015, bulletinjan2015, bulletinjan2016, bulletinjul2015, bulletinjul2016, bulletinoct2015, c04486577, c04487990, c04492722, c04497114, c04506802, c04510230, c04567918, c04616259, c04626982, c04676133, c04776510, CERTFR-2014-ALE-007, CERTFR-2014-AVI-454, CERTFR-2014-AVI-509, CERTFR-2015-AVI-169, CERTFR-2016-AVI-303, cisco-sa-20141015-poodle, cpujul2017, CTX216642, CVE-2014-3566, DSA-3053-1, DSA-3253-1, DSA-3489-1, ESA-2014-178, ESA-2015-098, ESXi500-201502001, ESXi500-201502101-SG, ESXi510-201503001, ESXi510-201503001-SG, ESXi510-201503101-SG, ESXi550-201501001, ESXi550-201501101-SG, FEDORA-2014-12989, FEDORA-2014-12991, FEDORA-2014-13012, FEDORA-2014-13017, FEDORA-2014-13040, FEDORA-2014-13069, FEDORA-2014-13070, FEDORA-2014-13444, FEDORA-2014-13451, FEDORA-2014-13764, FEDORA-2014-13777, FEDORA-2014-13781, FEDORA-2014-13794, FEDORA-2014-14234, FEDORA-2014-14237, FEDORA-2014-15379, FEDORA-2014-15390, FEDORA-2014-15411, FEDORA-2014-17576, FEDORA-2014-17587, FEDORA-2015-9090, FEDORA-2015-9110, FreeBSD-SA-14:23.openssl, FSC-2014-8, HPSBGN03256, HPSBGN03305, HPSBGN03332, HPSBHF03156, HPSBHF03300, HPSBMU03152, HPSBMU03184, HPSBMU03213, HPSBMU03416, HPSBUX03162, HPSBUX03194, JSA10656, MDVSA-2014:203, MDVSA-2014:218, MDVSA-2015:062, NetBSD-SA2014-015, nettcp_advisory, openSUSE-SU-2014:1331-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1384-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1395-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1426-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:0640-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:1586-1, openSUSE-SU-2017:0980-1, PAN-SA-2014-0005, POODLE, RHSA-2014:1652-01, RHSA-2014:1653-01, RHSA-2014:1692-01, RHSA-2014:1920-01, RHSA-2014:1948-01, RHSA-2015:0010-01, RHSA-2015:0011-01, RHSA-2015:0012-01, RHSA-2015:1545-01, RHSA-2015:1546-01, SA83, SB10090, SB10104, sk102989, SOL15702, SP-CAAANKE, SP-CAAANST, SPL-91947, SPL-91948, SSA:2014-288-01, SSA-396873, SSA-472334, SSRT101767, STORM-2014-02-FR, SUSE-SU-2014:1357-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1361-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1386-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1387-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1387-2, SUSE-SU-2014:1409-1, SUSE-SU-2015:0010-1, SUSE-SU-2016:1457-1, SUSE-SU-2016:1459-1, T1021439, TSB16540, USN-2839-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-15485, VMSA-2015-0001, VMSA-2015-0001.1, VMSA-2015-0001.2, VN-2014-003, VU#577193.

Description of the vulnerability

An SSL/TLS session can be established using several protocols:
 - SSL 2.0 (obsolete)
 - SSL 3.0
 - TLS 1.0
 - TLS 1.1
 - TLS 1.2

An attacker can downgrade the version to SSLv3. However, with SSL 3.0, an attacker can change the padding position with a CBC encryption, in order to progressively guess clear text fragments.

This vulnerability is named POODLE (Padding Oracle On Downgraded Legacy Encryption).

An attacker, located as a Man-in-the-Middle, can therefore decrypt a SSL 3.0 session, in order to obtain sensitive information.
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computer vulnerability announce CVE-2014-2624

HP Network Node Manager I: buffer overflow of ovopi.dll

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can generate a buffer overflow in ovopi.dll of HP Network Node Manager I, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to execute code.
Impacted products: HPE NNMi.
Severity: 3/4.
Consequences: administrator access/rights, privileged access/rights, user access/rights, denial of service on server, denial of service on service, denial of service on client.
Provenance: intranet client.
Creation date: 10/09/2014.
Revision date: 17/09/2014.
Identifiers: c04378450, CERTFR-2014-AVI-383, CVE-2014-2624, HPSBMU03075, SSRT101519, VIGILANCE-VUL-15317, ZDI-14-305, ZDI-14-335, ZDI-14-336, ZDI-14-337, ZDI-14-338, ZDI-14-339, ZDI-14-340, ZDI-14-341, ZDI-14-342, ZDI-14-343, ZDI-CAN-2264.

Description of the vulnerability

The HP Network Node Manager I product uses ovopi.dll listening on port 696/udp.

However, if the size of data is greater than the size of the storage array, an overflow occurs.

An attacker can therefore generate a buffer overflow in ovopi.dll of HP Network Node Manager I, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to execute code.
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computer vulnerability bulletin CVE-2014-3577

Apache HttpComponents HttpClient: erroneous certificate validation

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can create an SSL certificate which will be wrongly validated by Apache HttpComponents HttpClient, in order to capture traffic and bypass encryption.
Impacted products: Apache HttpClient, Fedora, HPE NNMi, QRadar SIEM, WebSphere AS Traditional, RHEL, JBoss EAP by Red Hat, Ubuntu.
Severity: 1/4.
Consequences: data creation/edition.
Provenance: internet server.
Creation date: 18/08/2014.
Identifiers: 2015815, 7036319, c05103564, CVE-2014-3577, FEDORA-2014-9539, FEDORA-2014-9581, FEDORA-2014-9617, FEDORA-2014-9629, HPSBMU03584, RHSA-2014:1082-01, RHSA-2014:1146-01, RHSA-2014:1162-01, RHSA-2014:1163-01, RHSA-2014:1166-01, RHSA-2014:1320-01, RHSA-2014:1321-01, RHSA-2014:1322-01, RHSA-2014:1323-01, RHSA-2014:1833-01, RHSA-2014:1834-01, RHSA-2014:1835-01, RHSA-2014:1836-01, RHSA-2014:1891-01, RHSA-2014:1892-01, RHSA-2014:1904-01, RHSA-2014:2019-01, RHSA-2014:2020-01, RHSA-2015:0125-01, RHSA-2015:0158-01, RHSA-2015:0234-01, RHSA-2015:0235-01, RHSA-2015:0675-01, RHSA-2015:0720-01, RHSA-2015:0765-01, RHSA-2015:0850-01, RHSA-2015:0851-01, RHSA-2015:1009, RHSA-2015:1176-01, RHSA-2015:1177-01, RHSA-2016:1931-01, USN-2769-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-15198.

Description of the vulnerability

The HttpClient library can manage HTTP connections over SSL.

In order to authenticate a server, the client must check the certificate (cryptographic signatures, validity date range, etc.) and also that the received certificate matches the visited server. This check is usually done on DNS names, or sometimes on IP addresses. However, instead of looking the exact field subjectAltName or, for compatibility, the commonName field, the library looks fro a substring that matches the targeted server name.

This vulnerability is a variant of VIGILANCE-VUL-12182.

An attacker can therefore create an SSL certificate which will be wrongly validated by Apache HttpComponents HttpClient, in order to capture traffic and bypass encryption.
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computer vulnerability note CVE-2013-6220

HP NNMi: Cross Site Scripting

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can trigger a Cross Site Scripting of HP NNMi, in order to execute JavaScript code in the context of the web site.
Impacted products: HPE NNMi.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: client access/rights.
Provenance: document.
Creation date: 12/05/2014.
Identifiers: c04273695, CVE-2013-6220, HPSBMU03035, SSRT101479, VIGILANCE-VUL-14719.

Description of the vulnerability

The HP Network Node Manager I product offers a web service.

However, it does not filter received data before inserting them in generated HTML documents.

An attacker can therefore trigger a Cross Site Scripting of HP NNMi, in order to execute JavaScript code in the context of the web site.
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computer vulnerability announce CVE-2013-6218

HP NNMi: code execution

Synthesis of the vulnerability

A remote attacker can use a vulnerability of HP NNMi, in order to execute code.
Impacted products: HPE NNMi.
Severity: 3/4.
Consequences: administrator access/rights, privileged access/rights, user access/rights.
Provenance: intranet client.
Creation date: 16/04/2014.
Identifiers: c04026039, CERTFR-2014-AVI-192, CVE-2013-6218, HPSBMU02996, SSRT101374, VIGILANCE-VUL-14607.

Description of the vulnerability

A remote attacker can use a vulnerability of HP NNMi, in order to execute code.
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computer vulnerability note CVE-2013-2351

HP Network Node Manager I: buffer overflow of pmd.exe

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can generate a buffer overflow in pmd.exe of HP Network Node Manager I, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to execute code.
Impacted products: HPE NNMi.
Severity: 3/4.
Consequences: privileged access/rights, denial of service on service.
Provenance: intranet client.
Creation date: 12/07/2013.
Revision date: 14/08/2013.
Identifiers: BID-61132, c03747342, CVE-2013-2351, HPSBMU02870, SSRT101012, VIGILANCE-VUL-13099, ZDI-13-201, ZDI-CAN-1566.

Description of the vulnerability

The pmd.exe service listens on port 162/tcp, to manage SNMP packets.

However, if the size of data is greater than the size of the storage array, an overflow occurs.

An attacker can therefore generate a buffer overflow in pmd.exe of HP Network Node Manager I, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to execute code.
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vulnerability note CVE-2012-3279

HP NNMi: Cross Site Scripting

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can trigger a Cross Site Scripting on the web server of HP Network Node Manager i, in order to execute JavaScript code in the context of the site.
Impacted products: HPE NNMi.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: client access/rights.
Provenance: document.
Creation date: 01/02/2013.
Identifiers: BID-57663, c03652323, CERTA-2013-AVI-089, CVE-2012-3279, HPSBMU02842, SSRT100909, VIGILANCE-VUL-12364.

Description of the vulnerability

The HP NNMi (Network Node Manager i) product contains a web server.

However, one page of this web server does not filter its input, before injecting them in a generated HTML document.

An attacker can therefore trigger a Cross Site Scripting on the web server of HP Network Node Manager i, in order to execute JavaScript code in the context of the site.
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computer vulnerability bulletin CVE-2012-3546

Apache Tomcat: authentication bypass via URL mangling

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker who must go through authentication via a form, can append /j_security_check to to URL, in order to bypass the authentication process.
Impacted products: Tomcat, Debian, Fedora, HPE NNMi, HP-UX, openSUSE, Solaris, RHEL, JBoss EAP by Red Hat, Unix (platform) ~ not comprehensive.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: user access/rights.
Provenance: internet server.
Creation date: 05/12/2012.
Identifiers: BID-56812, c03734195, c03824583, CERTA-2012-AVI-706, CERTA-2013-AVI-145, CERTA-2013-AVI-440, CERTFR-2014-AVI-112, CVE-2012-3546, DSA-2725-1, FEDORA-2012-20151, HPSBMU02894, HPSBUX02866, openSUSE-SU-2012:1700-1, openSUSE-SU-2012:1701-1, openSUSE-SU-2013:0147-1, RHSA-2013:0004-01, RHSA-2013:0005-01, RHSA-2013:0146-01, RHSA-2013:0147-01, RHSA-2013:0151-01, RHSA-2013:0157-01, RHSA-2013:0158-01, RHSA-2013:0162-01, RHSA-2013:0163-01, RHSA-2013:0164-01, RHSA-2013:0191-01, RHSA-2013:0192-01, RHSA-2013:0193-01, RHSA-2013:0194-01, RHSA-2013:0195-01, RHSA-2013:0196-01, RHSA-2013:0197-01, RHSA-2013:0198-01, RHSA-2013:0221-01, RHSA-2013:0235-01, RHSA-2013:0623-01, RHSA-2013:0640-01, RHSA-2013:0641-01, RHSA-2013:0642-01, SSRT101139, VIGILANCE-VUL-12208.

Description of the vulnerability

The URL suffix /j_security_check has a special meaningful in the authentication process with a form.

Some Tomcat components other than the one in charge of password check can define the account used to validate accesses for the remote user (the principal). However, when the requested URL has this special suffix, these assignments badly interact with the desire that access to the error pages and login form are always granted, which leads to premature termination of the credentials validation.

An attacker who must go through authentication via a form, can append /j_security_check to to URL, in order to bypass the authentication process.
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