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Computer vulnerabilities of IOS XR Cisco

vulnerability bulletin CVE-2016-7053 CVE-2016-7054 CVE-2016-7055

OpenSSL 1.1: three vulnerabilities

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can use several vulnerabilities of OpenSSL 1.1.
Impacted products: Cisco ASR, Cisco Aironet, Cisco ATA, Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client, ASA, AsyncOS, Cisco ESA, IOS by Cisco, IOS XR Cisco, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Cisco Prime LMS, Cisco Router, Secure ACS, Cisco CUCM, Cisco Unified CCX, Cisco IP Phone, Cisco MeetingPlace, Cisco Wireless IP Phone, Cisco Wireless Controller, NetWorker, VNX Operating Environment, VNX Series, FortiAnalyzer, FortiAnalyzer Virtual Appliance, FortiOS, IRAD, Tivoli Storage Manager, Junos OS, Juniper Network Connect, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, SRX-Series, MySQL Community, MySQL Enterprise, Data ONTAP 7-Mode, OpenSSL, openSUSE Leap, Oracle Communications, Oracle Directory Server, Oracle Directory Services Plus, Oracle Fusion Middleware, Oracle Identity Management, Oracle iPlanet Web Server, Oracle OIT, Solaris, Tuxedo, WebLogic, Oracle Web Tier, Percona Server, pfSense, Pulse Connect Secure, Pulse Secure Client.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: denial of service on service, denial of service on client.
Provenance: internet client.
Number of vulnerabilities in this bulletin: 3.
Creation date: 10/11/2016.
Revision date: 13/12/2016.
Identifiers: 2004036, 2004940, 2011567, 492284, 492616, bulletinapr2017, CERTFR-2018-AVI-343, cisco-sa-20161114-openssl, cpuapr2019, cpujan2018, cpujul2017, CVE-2016-7053, CVE-2016-7054, CVE-2016-7055, ESA-2016-148, ESA-2016-149, FG-IR-17-019, JSA10775, NTAP-20170127-0001, NTAP-20170310-0002, NTAP-20180201-0001, openSUSE-SU-2017:0527-1, openSUSE-SU-2017:0941-1, openSUSE-SU-2018:0458-1, SA40423, VIGILANCE-VUL-21093.

Description of the vulnerability

Several vulnerabilities were announced in OpenSSL 1.1.

An attacker can generate a buffer overflow via ChaCha20/Poly1305, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:2/4; CVE-2016-7054]

An attacker can force a NULL pointer to be dereferenced via CMS Structures, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:2/4; CVE-2016-7053]

An error occurs in the Broadwell-specific Montgomery Multiplication Procedure, but with no apparent impact. [severity:1/4; CVE-2016-7055]
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computer vulnerability alert CVE-2016-9205

Cisco IOS XR: denial of service via HTTP 2.0

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can send malicious HTTP 2.0 packets to Cisco IOS XR, in order to trigger a denial of service.
Impacted products: IOS XR Cisco, Cisco Router.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: denial of service on server, denial of service on service.
Provenance: document.
Creation date: 08/12/2016.
Identifiers: cisco-sa-20161207-ios-xr, CSCvb14425, CVE-2016-9205, VIGILANCE-VUL-21316.

Description of the vulnerability

The Cisco IOS XR product has a service to manage received HTTP 2.0 packets.

However, when malicious HTTP 2.0 packets are received, a fatal error occurs.

An attacker can therefore send malicious HTTP 2.0 packets to Cisco IOS XR, in order to trigger a denial of service.
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vulnerability note CVE-2016-9215

Cisco IOS XR: privilege escalation

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can use an account that is predefined in Cisco IOS XR with a constant password, in order to get administration privileges on the underlying operating system.
Impacted products: IOS XR Cisco, Cisco Router.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: administrator access/rights, privileged access/rights.
Provenance: user shell.
Creation date: 08/12/2016.
Identifiers: cisco-sa-20161207-iosxr, CSCva38434, CVE-2016-9215, VIGILANCE-VUL-21314.

Description of the vulnerability

An attacker can use an account that is predefined in Cisco IOS XR with a constant password, in order to get administration privileges on the underlying operating system.
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vulnerability CVE-2016-7426 CVE-2016-7427 CVE-2016-7428

NTP.org: multiple vulnerabilities

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can use several vulnerabilities of NTP.org.
Impacted products: Blue Coat CAS, Cisco ASR, Cisco Catalyst, IOS by Cisco, IOS XE Cisco, IOS XR Cisco, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Prime Collaboration Assurance, Cisco Prime DCNM, Prime Infrastructure, Cisco Prime LMS, Cisco Router, Secure ACS, Cisco CUCM, Cisco Unified CCX, Cisco MeetingPlace, Cisco Unity ~ precise, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, Fedora, FreeBSD, HP Switch, HP-UX, AIX, Security Directory Server, Juniper J-Series, Junos OS, Junos Space, Meinberg NTP Server, Data ONTAP 7-Mode, NTP.org, openSUSE Leap, Solaris, pfSense, RHEL, Slackware, Synology DSM, Synology DS***, Synology RS***, Ubuntu.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: data reading, denial of service on service, denial of service on client.
Provenance: internet client.
Number of vulnerabilities in this bulletin: 10.
Creation date: 21/11/2016.
Identifiers: 2009389, bulletinoct2016, CERTFR-2017-AVI-090, cisco-sa-20161123-ntpd, CVE-2016-7426, CVE-2016-7427, CVE-2016-7428, CVE-2016-7429, CVE-2016-7431, CVE-2016-7433, CVE-2016-7434, CVE-2016-9310, CVE-2016-9311, CVE-2016-9312, FEDORA-2016-7209ab4e02, FEDORA-2016-c198d15316, FEDORA-2016-e8a8561ee7, FreeBSD-SA-16:39.ntp, HPESBHF03883, HPESBUX03706, HPESBUX03885, JSA10776, JSA10796, K51444934, K55405388, K87922456, MBGSA-1605, NTAP-20170127-0001, NTAP-20170310-0002, NTAP-20180201-0001, openSUSE-SU-2016:3280-1, pfSense-SA-17_03.webgui, RHSA-2017:0252-01, SA139, SSA:2016-326-01, TALOS-2016-0130, TALOS-2016-0131, TALOS-2016-0203, TALOS-2016-0204, USN-3349-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-21170, VU#633847.

Description of the vulnerability

Several vulnerabilities were announced in NTP.org.

An attacker can force an assertion error, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:2/4; CVE-2016-9311, TALOS-2016-0204]

An attacker can bypass security features via Mode 6, in order to obtain sensitive information. [severity:2/4; CVE-2016-9310, TALOS-2016-0203]

An attacker can trigger a fatal error via Broadcast Mode Replay, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:2/4; CVE-2016-7427, TALOS-2016-0131]

An attacker can trigger a fatal error via Broadcast Mode Poll Interval, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:2/4; CVE-2016-7428, TALOS-2016-0130]

An attacker can send malicious UDP packets, in order to trigger a denial of service on Windows. [severity:2/4; CVE-2016-9312]

An unknown vulnerability was announced via Zero Origin Timestamp. [severity:2/4; CVE-2016-7431]

An attacker can force a NULL pointer to be dereferenced via _IO_str_init_static_internal(), in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:2/4; CVE-2016-7434]

An unknown vulnerability was announced via Interface selection. [severity:2/4; CVE-2016-7429]

An attacker can trigger a fatal error via Client Rate Limiting, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:2/4; CVE-2016-7426]

An unknown vulnerability was announced via Reboot Sync. [severity:2/4; CVE-2016-7433]
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vulnerability alert CVE-2016-6428

Cisco IOS XR: privilege escalation via Command-Line Interface

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can bypass restrictions via Command-Line Interface of Cisco IOS XR, in order to escalate his privileges.
Impacted products: Cisco Catalyst, IOS XR Cisco, Cisco Router.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: administrator access/rights, privileged access/rights.
Provenance: user account.
Creation date: 06/10/2016.
Identifiers: CERTFR-2016-AVI-331, cisco-sa-20161005-iosxr, CSCva38349, CVE-2016-6428, VIGILANCE-VUL-20781.

Description of the vulnerability

An attacker can bypass restrictions via Command-Line Interface of Cisco IOS XR, in order to escalate his privileges.
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computer vulnerability note CVE-2016-6421

Cisco IOS XR: denial of service via OSPF LSA

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can send a malicious OSPF LSA packet to Cisco IOS XR, in order to trigger a denial of service.
Impacted products: Cisco Catalyst, IOS XR Cisco, Cisco Router.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: denial of service on server, denial of service on service.
Provenance: intranet client.
Creation date: 29/09/2016.
Identifiers: cisco-sa-20160928-ospf, CSCvb05643, CVE-2016-6421, VIGILANCE-VUL-20729.

Description of the vulnerability

The Cisco IOS XR product has a service to manage received OSPF LSA packets.

However, when a malicious packet is received, a fatal error occurs.

An attacker can therefore send a malicious OSPF LSA packet to Cisco IOS XR, in order to trigger a denial of service.
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vulnerability alert CVE-2016-7052

OpenSSL 1.0.2i: NULL pointer dereference via CRL

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can force a NULL pointer to be dereferenced via a CRL on an application linked to OpenSSL 1.0.2i, in order to trigger a denial of service.
Impacted products: Blue Coat CAS, ProxyAV, ProxySG par Blue Coat, SGOS by Blue Coat, Cisco ASR, Cisco Aironet, Cisco ATA, Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client, Cisco ACE, ASA, AsyncOS, Cisco Catalyst, Cisco Content SMA, Cisco ESA, IOS by Cisco, IOS XE Cisco, IOS XR Cisco, Cisco IPS, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Cisco Prime Access Registrar, Prime Collaboration Assurance, Cisco Prime DCNM, Prime Infrastructure, Cisco Prime LMS, Cisco Router, Secure ACS, Cisco CUCM, Cisco Manager Attendant Console, Cisco Unified CCX, Cisco IP Phone, Cisco MeetingPlace, Cisco Wireless IP Phone, Cisco WSA, Cisco Wireless Controller, Fedora, FreeBSD, hMailServer, HP Switch, AIX, DB2 UDB, Tivoli Storage Manager, Tivoli Workload Scheduler, Juniper J-Series, Junos OS, Junos Space, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, ePO, Meinberg NTP Server, NetScreen Firewall, ScreenOS, OpenSSL, openSUSE, openSUSE Leap, Oracle Communications, Oracle Directory Server, Oracle Directory Services Plus, Oracle Fusion Middleware, Oracle GlassFish Server, Oracle Identity Management, Oracle iPlanet Web Server, Tuxedo, WebLogic, Oracle Web Tier, Base SAS Software, Shibboleth SP, Slackware, Splunk Enterprise, stunnel, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop, SLES, Synology DS***, Synology RS***, Nessus.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: denial of service on service, denial of service on client.
Provenance: internet client.
Creation date: 26/09/2016.
Identifiers: 1996096, 2000095, 2000209, 2003480, 2003620, 2003673, 2008828, CERTFR-2016-AVI-333, cisco-sa-20160927-openssl, cpuapr2017, cpujan2018, cpuoct2017, CVE-2016-7052, FEDORA-2016-97454404fe, FEDORA-2016-a555159613, FreeBSD-SA-16:27.openssl, HPESBHF03856, JSA10759, openSUSE-SU-2016:2496-1, openSUSE-SU-2018:0458-1, SA132, SB10171, SP-CAAAPUE, SPL-129207, SSA:2016-270-01, SUSE-SU-2016:2470-1, SUSE-SU-2016:2470-2, TNS-2016-16, VIGILANCE-VUL-20701.

Description of the vulnerability

The OpenSSL version 1.0.2i product fixed a bug in CRL management.

However, this fix does not check if a pointer is NULL, before using it.

An attacker can therefore force a NULL pointer to be dereferenced via a CRL on an application linked to OpenSSL 1.0.2i, in order to trigger a denial of service.
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vulnerability CVE-2016-6309

OpenSSL 1.1.0a: use after free via TLS

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can force the usage of a freed memory area via TLS on an application linked to OpenSSL 1.1.0a, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to run code.
Impacted products: Blue Coat CAS, ProxyAV, ProxySG par Blue Coat, SGOS by Blue Coat, Cisco ASR, Cisco Aironet, Cisco ATA, Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client, Cisco ACE, ASA, AsyncOS, Cisco Catalyst, Cisco Content SMA, Cisco ESA, IOS by Cisco, IOS XE Cisco, IOS XR Cisco, Cisco IPS, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Cisco Prime Access Registrar, Prime Collaboration Assurance, Cisco Prime DCNM, Prime Infrastructure, Cisco Prime LMS, Cisco Router, Secure ACS, Cisco CUCM, Cisco Manager Attendant Console, Cisco Unified CCX, Cisco IP Phone, Cisco MeetingPlace, Cisco Wireless IP Phone, Cisco WSA, Cisco Wireless Controller, FreeRADIUS, HP Switch, DB2 UDB, Tivoli Storage Manager, Tivoli Workload Scheduler, Juniper J-Series, Junos OS, Junos Space, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, NetScreen Firewall, ScreenOS, OpenSSL, Oracle Directory Server, Oracle Directory Services Plus, Oracle Fusion Middleware, Oracle GlassFish Server, Oracle Identity Management, Oracle iPlanet Web Server, Tuxedo, WebLogic, Oracle Web Tier, Base SAS Software, Nessus.
Severity: 3/4.
Consequences: user access/rights, denial of service on service, denial of service on client.
Provenance: internet client.
Creation date: 26/09/2016.
Identifiers: 1996096, 2000095, 2000209, 2003480, 2003620, 2003673, 2008828, CERTFR-2016-AVI-333, cisco-sa-20160927-openssl, cpuapr2017, cpujan2018, CVE-2016-6309, HPESBHF03856, JSA10759, SA132, TNS-2016-16, VIGILANCE-VUL-20700.

Description of the vulnerability

The OpenSSL version 1.1.0a product fixed the CVE-2016-6307 vulnerability.

However, the reception of a TLS message of 16kb frees a memory area before reusing it.

An attacker can therefore force the usage of a freed memory area via TLS on an application linked to OpenSSL 1.1.0a, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to run code.
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computer vulnerability bulletin CVE-2016-6302 CVE-2016-6303 CVE-2016-6304

OpenSSL: seven vulnerabilities

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can use several vulnerabilities of OpenSSL.
Impacted products: SDS, SES, SNS, Mac OS X, Arkoon FAST360, Blue Coat CAS, ProxyAV, ProxySG par Blue Coat, SGOS by Blue Coat, Cisco ASR, Cisco Aironet, Cisco ATA, Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client, Cisco ACE, ASA, AsyncOS, Cisco Catalyst, Cisco Content SMA, Cisco ESA, IOS by Cisco, IOS XE Cisco, IOS XR Cisco, Cisco IPS, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Cisco Prime Access Registrar, Prime Collaboration Assurance, Cisco Prime DCNM, Prime Infrastructure, Cisco Prime LMS, Cisco Router, Secure ACS, Cisco CUCM, Cisco Manager Attendant Console, Cisco Unified CCX, Cisco IP Phone, Cisco MeetingPlace, Cisco Wireless IP Phone, Cisco WSA, Cisco Wireless Controller, Debian, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, Fedora, FileZilla Server, FortiAnalyzer, FortiAnalyzer Virtual Appliance, FortiGate, FortiGate Virtual Appliance, FortiOS, FreeBSD, FreeRADIUS, hMailServer, HP Switch, AIX, DB2 UDB, IRAD, QRadar SIEM, Tivoli Storage Manager, Tivoli Workload Scheduler, WebSphere MQ, Juniper J-Series, Junos OS, Junos Space, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, MariaDB ~ precise, McAfee Email Gateway, ePO, MySQL Community, MySQL Enterprise, NetScreen Firewall, ScreenOS, Nodejs Core, OpenBSD, OpenSSL, openSUSE, openSUSE Leap, Oracle Communications, Oracle DB, Oracle Directory Server, Oracle Directory Services Plus, Oracle Fusion Middleware, Oracle GlassFish Server, Oracle Identity Management, Oracle iPlanet Web Server, Solaris, Tuxedo, VirtualBox, WebLogic, Oracle Web Tier, Percona Server, pfSense, Pulse Connect Secure, Pulse Secure Client, Pulse Secure SBR, Puppet, RHEL, JBoss EAP by Red Hat, SAS Add-in for Microsoft Office, SAS Analytics Pro, Base SAS Software, SAS Enterprise BI Server, SAS Enterprise Guide, SAS Management Console, SAS OLAP Server, SAS SAS/ACCESS, SAS SAS/AF, SAS SAS/CONNECT, SAS SAS/EIS, SAS SAS/ETS, SAS SAS/FSP, SAS SAS/GRAPH, SAS SAS/IML, SAS SAS/OR, SAS SAS/STAT, SAS SAS/Web Report Studio, Slackware, Splunk Enterprise, stunnel, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop, SLES, Synology DS***, Synology RS***, Nessus, Ubuntu, VxWorks, WinSCP.
Severity: 3/4.
Consequences: privileged access/rights, denial of service on service.
Provenance: internet client.
Number of vulnerabilities in this bulletin: 7.
Creation date: 22/09/2016.
Identifiers: 1991866, 1991867, 1991870, 1991871, 1991875, 1991876, 1991878, 1991880, 1991882, 1991884, 1991885, 1991886, 1991887, 1991889, 1991892, 1991894, 1991896, 1991902, 1991903, 1991951, 1991955, 1991959, 1991960, 1991961, 1992681, 1993777, 1996096, 1999395, 1999421, 1999474, 1999478, 1999479, 1999488, 1999532, 2000095, 2000209, 2000544, 2002870, 2003480, 2003620, 2003673, 2008828, bulletinapr2017, bulletinjul2016, bulletinoct2016, CERTFR-2016-AVI-320, CERTFR-2016-AVI-333, cisco-sa-20160927-openssl, cpuapr2017, cpuapr2018, cpujan2017, cpujan2018, cpujul2017, cpujul2019, cpuoct2017, CVE-2016-6302, CVE-2016-6303, CVE-2016-6304, CVE-2016-6305, CVE-2016-6306, CVE-2016-6307, CVE-2016-6308, DLA-637-1, DSA-3673-1, DSA-3673-2, FEDORA-2016-97454404fe, FEDORA-2016-a555159613, FG-IR-16-047, FG-IR-16-048, FG-IR-17-127, FreeBSD-SA-16:26.openssl, HPESBHF03856, HT207423, JSA10759, openSUSE-SU-2016:2391-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:2407-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:2496-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:2537-1, openSUSE-SU-2018:0458-1, RHSA-2016:1940-01, RHSA-2016:2802-01, RHSA-2017:1548-01, RHSA-2017:1549-01, RHSA-2017:1550-01, RHSA-2017:1551-01, RHSA-2017:1552-01, RHSA-2017:1658-01, RHSA-2017:1659-01, RHSA-2017:2493-01, RHSA-2017:2494-01, SA132, SA40312, SB10171, SB10215, SOL54211024, SOL90492697, SP-CAAAPUE, SPL-129207, SSA:2016-266-01, STORM-2016-005, SUSE-SU-2016:2387-1, SUSE-SU-2016:2394-1, SUSE-SU-2016:2458-1, SUSE-SU-2016:2468-1, SUSE-SU-2016:2469-1, SUSE-SU-2016:2470-1, SUSE-SU-2016:2470-2, TNS-2016-16, USN-3087-1, USN-3087-2, VIGILANCE-VUL-20678.

Description of the vulnerability

Several vulnerabilities were announced in OpenSSL.

An attacker can create a memory over consumption via an OCSP request, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:3/4; CVE-2016-6304]

An attacker can make a process block itself via SSL_peek, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:2/4; CVE-2016-6305]

An attacker can generate a buffer overflow via MDC2_Update, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to run code. [severity:1/4; CVE-2016-6303]

An attacker can generate a read only buffer overflow, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:1/4; CVE-2016-6302]

An attacker can generate a read only buffer overflow via the parsing of an X.509 certificate, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:1/4; CVE-2016-6306]

An attacker can make the server allocates a large amount of memory to process TLS packets. [severity:1/4; CVE-2016-6307]

An attacker can make the server allocates a large amount of memory to process DTLS packets. [severity:1/4; CVE-2016-6308]
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vulnerability alert CVE-2016-6415

Cisco IOS, IOS XR, IOS XE: information disclosure via IKE

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can read a memory fragment via IKE packets sent to a router Cisco IOS, IOS XR or IOS XE, in order to obtain sensitive information.
Impacted products: Cisco Catalyst, IOS by Cisco, IOS XE Cisco, IOS XR Cisco, Cisco Router.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: data reading.
Provenance: internet client.
Creation date: 19/09/2016.
Identifiers: CERTFR-2016-ALE-007, cisco-sa-20160916-ikev1, CSCvb29204, CSCvb36055, CVE-2016-6415, VIGILANCE-VUL-20641.

Description of the vulnerability

The Cisco IOS, IOS XR and IOS XE products offer an IKE service, the signaling protocol for IPsec.

However, when a IKE version 1 packet is handled, the router may return the content of an uninitialized memory area in a response packet.

An attacker can therefore read a memory fragment via IKE packets sent to a router Cisco IOS, IOS XR or IOS XE, in order to obtain sensitive information.
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