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Computer vulnerabilities of McAfee NGFW

computer vulnerability announce CVE-2015-1793

OpenSSL: X.509 certification chain forgery

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can force OpenSSL to accept spoofed certificates, in order to listen for encrypted communications or bypass signature based authentication.
Impacted products: DCFM Enterprise, Brocade Network Advisor, Brocade vTM, ASA, Cisco Catalyst, IOS XE Cisco, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Prime Infrastructure, Cisco PRSM, Cisco Router, Cisco CUCM, Clearswift Email Gateway, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, Fedora, FileZilla Server, FreeBSD, hMailServer, HP Switch, HP-UX, IRAD, Juniper J-Series, Junos OS, McAfee Email Gateway, McAfee NGFW, Nodejs Core, OpenSSL, Oracle Communications, Solaris, Slackware, Splunk Enterprise, stunnel, Synology DSM, Synology DS***, Synology RS***, Nessus, Websense Web Security, WinSCP, X2GoClient.
Severity: 3/4.
Consequences: client access/rights, data reading, data creation/edition.
Provenance: internet client.
Creation date: 09/07/2015.
Identifiers: 1962398, 1963151, BSA-2015-009, bulletinjul2015, c04760669, c05184351, CERTFR-2015-AVI-285, CERTFR-2015-AVI-431, cisco-sa-20150710-openssl, cpuoct2017, CVE-2015-1793, FEDORA-2015-11414, FEDORA-2015-11475, FreeBSD-SA-15:12.openssl, HPSBHF03613, HPSBUX03388, JSA10694, SB10125, SOL16937, SPL-103044, SSA:2015-190-01, SSRT102180, VIGILANCE-VUL-17337.

Description of the vulnerability

A certificate validation begins with the creation of a certificate chain, where each certificate provides the public key used to check the signature of the next certificate.

The creation of this chain may be non deterministic, especially when some identification X.509v3 extensions like "Authority Key Identifier" are not provided. When a candidate chain does not allow to validate a given certificate, OpenSSL 1.0.1 and 1.0.2 attempt to find another candidate chain. However, during these attempts, some required checks on the chain are not performed anymore. As a consequence, an attacker can make OpenSSL use its own certificate as a CA certificate, even if it includes the "basicConstraint" extension stating "CA: no". So it can create certificates for any name.

This vulnerability impacts clients checking a server certificate, and TLS servers checking a client certificate.

An attacker can therefore force OpenSSL to accept spoofed certificates, in order to listen for encrypted communications or bypass signature based authentication.
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computer vulnerability note CVE-2015-0286 CVE-2015-0287 CVE-2015-0289

OpenSSL 0.9/1.0.0/1.0.1: five vulnerabilities

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can use several vulnerabilities of OpenSSL 0.9/1.0.0/1.0.1.
Impacted products: Arkoon FAST360, ArubaOS, ProxyAV, ProxySG par Blue Coat, SGOS by Blue Coat, FabricOS, Brocade Network Advisor, Cisco ASR, AnyConnect VPN Client, Cisco ACE, ASA, AsyncOS, Cisco CSS, Cisco ESA, IOS XE Cisco, Cisco IPS, IronPort Email, IronPort Web, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Prime Infrastructure, Cisco PRSM, Cisco Router, Secure ACS, Cisco CUCM, Cisco Unified CCX, Cisco IP Phone, Cisco MeetingPlace, Cisco Wireless IP Phone, WebNS, Cisco WSA, Debian, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, Fedora, FortiAnalyzer, FortiAnalyzer Virtual Appliance, FortiClient, FortiManager, FortiManager Virtual Appliance, FreeBSD, hMailServer, HP-UX, AIX, IRAD, Tivoli Storage Manager, Tivoli Workload Scheduler, WebSphere MQ, Juniper J-Series, Junos OS, Junos Space, Junos Space Network Management Platform, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, Juniper SBR, McAfee Email Gateway, ePO, McAfee NTBA, McAfee NGFW, VirusScan, McAfee Web Gateway, Data ONTAP, NetBSD, NetScreen Firewall, ScreenOS, Nodejs Core, OpenBSD, OpenSSL, openSUSE, openSUSE Leap, Oracle Communications, Solaris, pfSense, Puppet, RHEL, JBoss EAP by Red Hat, Base SAS Software, SAS SAS/CONNECT, Slackware, Splunk Enterprise, Stonesoft NGFW/VPN, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop, SLES, Nessus, Ubuntu, Unix (platform) ~ not comprehensive, WinSCP.
Severity: 3/4.
Consequences: user access/rights, denial of service on service.
Provenance: internet client.
Number of vulnerabilities in this bulletin: 5.
Creation date: 19/03/2015.
Identifiers: 1701334, 1902519, 1960491, 1964410, 1975397, 55767, 7043086, 9010031, ARUBA-PSA-2015-007, bulletinapr2015, c04679334, CERTFR-2015-AVI-117, CERTFR-2015-AVI-146, CERTFR-2015-AVI-169, CERTFR-2015-AVI-177, CERTFR-2015-AVI-259, CERTFR-2016-AVI-303, cisco-sa-20150320-openssl, cisco-sa-20150408-ntpd, cpuapr2017, cpuoct2016, cpuoct2017, CTX216642, CVE-2015-0286, CVE-2015-0287, CVE-2015-0289, CVE-2015-0292, CVE-2015-0293, DSA-3197-1, DSA-3197-2, FEDORA-2015-4300, FEDORA-2015-4303, FG-IR-15-008, FreeBSD-SA-15:06.openssl, HPSBUX03334, JSA10680, MDVSA-2015:062, MDVSA-2015:063, NetBSD-SA2015-007, NTAP-20150323-0002, openSUSE-SU-2015:0554-1, openSUSE-SU-2015:1277-1, openSUSE-SU-2015:2243-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:0638-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:0640-1, RHSA-2015:0715-01, RHSA-2015:0716-01, RHSA-2015:0752-01, RHSA-2015:0800-01, RHSA-2016:0372-01, RHSA-2016:0445-01, RHSA-2016:0446-01, RHSA-2016:0490-01, SA40001, SA92, SB10110, SOL16301, SOL16302, SOL16317, SOL16319, SOL16320, SOL16321, SOL16323, SPL-98351, SPL-98531, SSA:2015-111-09, SSRT102000, SUSE-SU-2015:0541-1, SUSE-SU-2015:0553-1, SUSE-SU-2015:0553-2, SUSE-SU-2015:0578-1, SUSE-SU-2016:0678-1, TNS-2015-04, USN-2537-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-16429.

Description of the vulnerability

Several vulnerabilities were announced in OpenSSL 0.9/1.0.0/1.0.1.

An attacker can force a read at an invalid address in ASN1_TYPE_cmp, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:2/4; CVE-2015-0286]

An attacker can generate a memory corruption in ASN.1, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to execute code. [severity:3/4; CVE-2015-0287]

An attacker can force a NULL pointer to be dereferenced in PKCS#7, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:2/4; CVE-2015-0289]

An attacker can generate a memory corruption with base64 data, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to execute code. [severity:3/4; CVE-2015-0292]

An attacker can generate an OPENSSL_assert, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:2/4; CVE-2015-0293]
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vulnerability announce CVE-2015-0288

OpenSSL: NULL pointer dereference via X509_to_X509_REQ

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can force a NULL pointer to be dereferenced in X509_to_X509_REQ() of OpenSSL, in order to trigger a denial of service.
Impacted products: Arkoon FAST360, ProxySG par Blue Coat, SGOS by Blue Coat, FabricOS, Brocade Network Advisor, Cisco ASR, AnyConnect VPN Client, Cisco ACE, ASA, AsyncOS, Cisco CSS, Cisco ESA, IOS XE Cisco, Cisco IPS, IronPort Email, IronPort Web, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Prime Infrastructure, Cisco PRSM, Cisco Router, Secure ACS, Cisco CUCM, Cisco Unified CCX, Cisco IP Phone, Cisco MeetingPlace, Cisco Wireless IP Phone, WebNS, Cisco WSA, Debian, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, Fedora, FreeBSD, hMailServer, HP-UX, AIX, IRAD, Tivoli Workload Scheduler, Juniper J-Series, Junos OS, Junos Space, Junos Space Network Management Platform, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, Juniper SBR, McAfee Email Gateway, ePO, McAfee NTBA, McAfee NGFW, VirusScan, McAfee Web Gateway, Data ONTAP, NetBSD, NetScreen Firewall, ScreenOS, OpenBSD, OpenSSL, openSUSE, openSUSE Leap, Oracle Communications, Solaris, pfSense, RHEL, Base SAS Software, SAS SAS/CONNECT, Slackware, Splunk Enterprise, Stonesoft NGFW/VPN, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop, SLES, Nessus, Ubuntu, Unix (platform) ~ not comprehensive, WinSCP.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: denial of service on service, denial of service on client.
Provenance: document.
Creation date: 09/03/2015.
Identifiers: 1701334, 1964410, 55767, 9010031, c04679334, CERTFR-2015-AVI-089, CERTFR-2015-AVI-117, CERTFR-2015-AVI-146, CERTFR-2015-AVI-177, CERTFR-2015-AVI-259, CERTFR-2016-AVI-303, cisco-sa-20150320-openssl, cisco-sa-20150408-ntpd, cpuoct2017, CTX216642, CVE-2015-0288, DSA-3197-1, DSA-3197-2, FEDORA-2015-4300, FEDORA-2015-4303, FEDORA-2015-6855, FreeBSD-SA-15:06.openssl, HPSBUX03334, JSA10680, MDVSA-2015:062, MDVSA-2015:063, NetBSD-SA2015-007, NTAP-20150323-0002, openSUSE-SU-2015:0554-1, openSUSE-SU-2015:1277-1, openSUSE-SU-2015:2243-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:0640-1, RHSA-2015:0715-01, RHSA-2015:0716-01, RHSA-2015:0752-01, RHSA-2015:0800-01, SA40001, SB10110, SOL16301, SOL16302, SOL16317, SOL16319, SOL16320, SOL16321, SOL16323, SPL-98351, SPL-98531, SSA:2015-111-09, SSRT102000, SUSE-SU-2015:0541-1, SUSE-SU-2015:0553-1, SUSE-SU-2015:0553-2, SUSE-SU-2015:0578-1, TNS-2015-04, USN-2537-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-16342.

Description of the vulnerability

The OpenSSL product processes X.509 certificates.

However, the X509_to_X509_REQ() function does not check if a pointer is NULL, before using it.

An attacker can therefore force a NULL pointer to be dereferenced in X509_to_X509_REQ() of OpenSSL, in order to trigger a denial of service.
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vulnerability alert CVE-2015-0138 CVE-2015-0204

OpenSSL, LibReSSL, Mono, JSSE: weakening TLS encryption via FREAK

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker, located as a Man-in-the-Middle, can force the Chrome, JSSE, LibReSSL, Mono or OpenSSL client to accept a weak export algorithm, in order to more easily capture or alter exchanged data.
Impacted products: Arkoon FAST360, ArubaOS, Avaya Ethernet Routing Switch, ProxyAV, ProxySG par Blue Coat, SGOS by Blue Coat, FabricOS, Brocade Network Advisor, Cisco ATA, AnyConnect VPN Client, Cisco ACE, ASA, AsyncOS, Cisco ESA, IOS by Cisco, IronPort Email, IronPort Web, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Cisco Prime Access Registrar, Prime Collaboration Assurance, Cisco Prime DCNM, Prime Infrastructure, Cisco Prime LMS, Prime Network Control Systems, Cisco PRSM, Cisco Router, Cisco IP Phone, Cisco MeetingPlace, Cisco WSA, Clearswift Email Gateway, Debian, Black Diamond, ExtremeXOS, Summit, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, Fedora, FortiClient, FortiGate, FortiGate Virtual Appliance, FortiOS, FreeBSD, Chrome, HPE NNMi, HP-UX, AIX, DB2 UDB, Domino, Notes, IRAD, Security Directory Server, Tivoli Directory Server, Tivoli Storage Manager, Tivoli Workload Scheduler, WebSphere AS Traditional, WebSphere MQ, Juniper J-Series, Junos OS, Junos Space, Junos Space Network Management Platform, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, Juniper SBR, McAfee Email Gateway, ePO, McAfee NTBA, McAfee NGFW, VirusScan, McAfee Web Gateway, Windows (platform) ~ not comprehensive, Data ONTAP, NetBSD, NetScreen Firewall, ScreenOS, Nodejs Core, OpenBSD, Java OpenJDK, OpenSSL, openSUSE, openSUSE Leap, Oracle Communications, Oracle Directory Services Plus, Oracle Fusion Middleware, Oracle Internet Directory, Java Oracle, Solaris, Tuxedo, WebLogic, pfSense, Puppet, RHEL, Base SAS Software, SAS SAS/CONNECT, Slackware, Sophos AV, Splunk Enterprise, Stonesoft NGFW/VPN, stunnel, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop, SLES, Ubuntu, Unix (platform) ~ not comprehensive.
Severity: 2/4.
Consequences: data reading, data creation/edition.
Provenance: internet server.
Number of vulnerabilities in this bulletin: 2.
Creation date: 04/03/2015.
Revision date: 09/03/2015.
Identifiers: 122007, 1450666, 1610582, 1647054, 1698613, 1699051, 1699810, 1700225, 1700997, 1701485, 1902260, 1903541, 1963275, 1968485, 1973383, 55767, 7014463, 7022958, 9010028, ARUBA-PSA-2015-003, bulletinjan2015, c04556853, c04679334, c04773241, CERTFR-2015-AVI-108, CERTFR-2015-AVI-117, CERTFR-2015-AVI-146, CERTFR-2016-AVI-303, cisco-sa-20150310-ssl, cpuapr2017, cpujul2018, cpuoct2017, CTX216642, CVE-2015-0138, CVE-2015-0204, DSA-3125-1, FEDORA-2015-0512, FEDORA-2015-0601, FG-IR-15-007, FREAK, FreeBSD-SA-15:01.openssl, HPSBMU03345, HPSBUX03244, HPSBUX03334, JSA10679, MDVSA-2015:019, MDVSA-2015:062, MDVSA-2015:063, NetBSD-SA2015-006, NetBSD-SA2015-007, NTAP-20150205-0001, openSUSE-SU-2015:0130-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:0640-1, RHSA-2015:0066-01, RHSA-2015:0800-01, RHSA-2015:1020-01, RHSA-2015:1021-01, RHSA-2015:1091-01, SA40015, SA88, SA91, SB10108, SB10110, SOL16120, SOL16123, SOL16124, SOL16126, SOL16135, SOL16136, SOL16139, SP-CAAANXD, SPL-95203, SPL-95206, SSA:2015-009-01, SSRT101885, SSRT102000, SUSE-SU-2015:1073-1, SUSE-SU-2015:1085-1, SUSE-SU-2015:1086-1, SUSE-SU-2015:1086-2, SUSE-SU-2015:1086-3, SUSE-SU-2015:1086-4, SUSE-SU-2015:1138-1, SUSE-SU-2015:1161-1, T1022075, USN-2459-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-16301, VN-2015-003_FREAK, VU#243585.

Description of the vulnerability

The TLS protocol uses a series of messages which have to be exchanged between the client and the server, before establishing a secured session.

Several cryptographic algorithms can be negotiated, such as algorithms allowed for USA export (less than 512 bits).

An attacker, located as a Man-in-the-Middle, can inject during the session initialization a message choosing an export algorithm. This message should generate an error, however some TLS clients accept it.

Note: the variant related to Windows is described in VIGILANCE-VUL-16332.

An attacker, located as a Man-in-the-Middle, can therefore force the Chrome, JSSE, LibReSSL, Mono or OpenSSL client to accept a weak export algorithm, in order to more easily capture or alter exchanged data.
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vulnerability CVE-2015-0235

glibc: buffer overflow of gethostbyname, GHOST

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can for example send an email using a long IPv4 address, to force the messaging server to resolve this address, and to generate a buffer overflow in gethostbyname() of the glibc, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to execute code. Several programs using the gethostbyname() function are vulnerable with a similar attack vector.
Impacted products: Arkoon FAST360, GAiA, CheckPoint IP Appliance, Provider-1, SecurePlatform, CheckPoint Security Gateway, CheckPoint VSX-1, Cisco ASR, Cisco Catalyst, IOS XE Cisco, IOS XR Cisco, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Prime Infrastructure, Cisco CUCM, XenServer, Clearswift Email Gateway, Debian, Unisphere EMC, VNX Operating Environment, VNX Series, Exim, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, HPE BSM, HP Operations, Performance Center, Junos Space, McAfee Email and Web Security, McAfee Email Gateway, McAfee MOVE AntiVirus, McAfee NSP, McAfee NTBA, McAfee NGFW, VirusScan, McAfee Web Gateway, openSUSE, Oracle Communications, Palo Alto Firewall PA***, PAN-OS, PHP, HDX, RealPresence Collaboration Server, RealPresence Distributed Media Application, RealPresence Resource Manager, Polycom VBP, RHEL, SIMATIC, Slackware, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop, SLES, Synology DSM, Ubuntu, Unix (platform) ~ not comprehensive, WordPress Core.
Severity: 4/4.
Consequences: user access/rights, denial of service on client.
Provenance: internet server.
Creation date: 27/01/2015.
Revision date: 27/01/2015.
Identifiers: 198850, 199399, c04577814, c04589512, CERTFR-2015-AVI-043, cisco-sa-20150128-ghost, cpujul2015, cpujul2017, cpuoct2016, cpuoct2017, cpuoct2018, CTX200437, CVE-2015-0235, DSA-3142-1, ESA-2015-030, ESA-2015-041, GHOST, HPSBGN03270, HPSBGN03285, JSA10671, K16057, KM01391662, MDVSA-2015:039, openSUSE-SU-2015:0162-1, openSUSE-SU-2015:0184-1, PAN-SA-2015-0002, RHSA-2015:0090-01, RHSA-2015:0092-01, RHSA-2015:0099-01, RHSA-2015:0101-01, RHSA-2015:0126-01, SB10100, sk104443, SOL16057, SSA:2015-028-01, SSA-994726, SUSE-SU-2015:0158-1, USN-2485-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-16060, VU#967332.

Description of the vulnerability

The glibc library provides two functions to obtain the IP address of a server from its DNS name:
  struct hostent *gethostbyname(const char *name);
  struct hostent *gethostbyname2(const char *name, int af);

For example:
  he = gethostbyname("www.example.com");

These functions also accept to directly process an IP address:
  he = gethostbyname("192.168.1.1");

However, a malformed IPv4 address, which is too long such as 192.168.111111.1 (more than 1024 byte long) triggers an overflow in the __nss_hostname_digits_dots() function.

An attacker can therefore for example send an email using a long IPv4 address, to force the messaging server to resolve this address, and to generate a buffer overflow in gethostbyname() of the glibc, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to execute code.

Several programs using the gethostbyname() function are vulnerable (exim, php, pppd, procmail) with a similar attack vector. The following programs are apparently not vulnerable: apache, cups, dovecot, gnupg, isc-dhcp, lighttpd, mariadb/mysql, nfs-utils, nginx, nodejs, openldap, openssh, postfix, proftpd, pure-ftpd, rsyslog, samba, sendmail, squid, sysklogd, syslog-ng, tcp_wrappers, vsftpd, xinetd.
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vulnerability alert CVE-2014-6278

bash: command execution in the function parser

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
Impacted products: GAiA, CheckPoint IP Appliance, IPSO, SecurePlatform, CheckPoint Security Appliance, CheckPoint Smart-1, CheckPoint VSX-1, XenServer, Clearswift Email Gateway, Clearswift Web Gateway, Avamar, EMC CAVA, EMC CEE, EMC CEPA, Celerra FAST, Celerra NS, Celerra NX4, EMC CMDCE, Connectrix Switch, NetWorker, PowerPath, Unisphere EMC, VNX Operating Environment, VNX Series, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, HP Operations, AIX, IVE OS, Junos Space, MAG Series by Juniper, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, Juniper SA, Juniper UAC, McAfee Email and Web Security, McAfee Email Gateway, McAfee MOVE AntiVirus, McAfee NSP, McAfee NGFW, McAfee Web Gateway, openSUSE, openSUSE Leap, Solaris, RSA Authentication Manager, ROX, RuggedSwitch, Slackware, Stonesoft NGFW/VPN, Ubuntu, Unix (platform) ~ not comprehensive, ESX, vCenter Server, VMware vSphere.
Severity: 3/4.
Consequences: user access/rights.
Provenance: internet client.
Creation date: 29/09/2014.
Identifiers: 193355, 193866, 194029, 194064, 194669, 480931, c04475942, c04479492, CERTFR-2014-AVI-403, CERTFR-2014-AVI-415, CERTFR-2014-AVI-480, CTX200217, CTX200223, CVE-2014-6278, ESA-2014-111, ESA-2014-123, ESA-2014-124, ESA-2014-125, ESA-2014-126, ESA-2014-127, ESA-2014-128, ESA-2014-133, ESA-2014-136, ESA-2014-150, ESA-2014-151, ESA-2014-152, ESA-2014-162, HPSBGN03138, HPSBMU03144, JSA10648, JSA10661, MDVSA-2015:164, openSUSE-SU-2014:1310-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:2961-1, SB10085, sk102673, SOL15629, SSA:2014-272-01, SSA-860967, T1021272, USN-2380-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-15421, VMSA-2014-0010, VMSA-2014-0010.10, VMSA-2014-0010.11, VMSA-2014-0010.12, VMSA-2014-0010.13, VMSA-2014-0010.2, VMSA-2014-0010.4, VMSA-2014-0010.7, VMSA-2014-0010.8, VMSA-2014-0010.9.

Description of the vulnerability

The bash interpreter can use functions.

However, when bash parses the source code to create the function, it directly executes commands located at some places.

This vulnerability can be used with the same attack vector than VIGILANCE-VUL-15399.

An attacker can therefore define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
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vulnerability CVE-2014-6277

bash: memory corruption in the function parser

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
Impacted products: GAiA, CheckPoint IP Appliance, IPSO, SecurePlatform, CheckPoint Security Appliance, CheckPoint Smart-1, CheckPoint VSX-1, XenServer, Clearswift Email Gateway, Clearswift Web Gateway, Avamar, EMC CAVA, EMC CEE, EMC CEPA, Celerra FAST, Celerra NS, Celerra NX4, EMC CMDCE, Connectrix Switch, NetWorker, PowerPath, Unisphere EMC, VNX Operating Environment, VNX Series, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, HP Operations, AIX, IVE OS, Junos Space, MAG Series by Juniper, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, Juniper SA, Juniper UAC, McAfee Email and Web Security, McAfee Email Gateway, McAfee MOVE AntiVirus, McAfee NSP, McAfee NGFW, McAfee Web Gateway, openSUSE, openSUSE Leap, Solaris, RealPresence Collaboration Server, RealPresence Distributed Media Application, Polycom VBP, RSA Authentication Manager, ROX, RuggedSwitch, Slackware, Stonesoft NGFW/VPN, Ubuntu, Unix (platform) ~ not comprehensive, ESX, vCenter Server, VMware vSphere.
Severity: 3/4.
Consequences: user access/rights, denial of service on service, denial of service on client.
Provenance: internet client.
Creation date: 29/09/2014.
Identifiers: 193355, 193866, 194029, 194064, 194669, 480931, c04475942, c04479492, CERTFR-2014-AVI-403, CERTFR-2014-AVI-415, CERTFR-2014-AVI-480, CTX200217, CTX200223, CVE-2014-6277, ESA-2014-111, ESA-2014-123, ESA-2014-124, ESA-2014-125, ESA-2014-126, ESA-2014-127, ESA-2014-128, ESA-2014-133, ESA-2014-136, ESA-2014-150, ESA-2014-151, ESA-2014-152, ESA-2014-162, HPSBGN03138, HPSBMU03144, JSA10648, JSA10661, MDVSA-2015:164, openSUSE-SU-2014:1310-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:2961-1, SB10085, sk102673, SOL15629, SSA:2014-272-01, SSA-860967, T1021272, USN-2380-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-15420, VMSA-2014-0010, VMSA-2014-0010.10, VMSA-2014-0010.11, VMSA-2014-0010.12, VMSA-2014-0010.13, VMSA-2014-0010.2, VMSA-2014-0010.4, VMSA-2014-0010.7, VMSA-2014-0010.8, VMSA-2014-0010.9.

Description of the vulnerability

The bash interpreter can use functions.

However, when bash parses the source code to create the function, it corrupts its memory.

This vulnerability can be used with the same attack vector than VIGILANCE-VUL-15399.

An attacker can therefore define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
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computer vulnerability note CVE-2014-7186 CVE-2014-7187

bash: two denial of service

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can use several vulnerabilities of bash.
Impacted products: GAiA, CheckPoint IP Appliance, IPSO, SecurePlatform, CheckPoint Security Appliance, CheckPoint Smart-1, CheckPoint VSX-1, XenServer, Clearswift Email Gateway, Clearswift Web Gateway, Avamar, EMC CAVA, EMC CEE, EMC CEPA, Celerra FAST, Celerra NS, Celerra NX4, EMC CMDCE, Connectrix Switch, NetWorker, PowerPath, Unisphere EMC, VNX Operating Environment, VNX Series, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, HP Operations, AIX, IVE OS, Junos Space, MAG Series by Juniper, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, Juniper SA, Juniper UAC, McAfee Email and Web Security, McAfee Email Gateway, McAfee MOVE AntiVirus, McAfee NSP, McAfee NGFW, McAfee Web Gateway, openSUSE, Solaris, RealPresence Collaboration Server, RealPresence Distributed Media Application, Polycom VBP, RHEL, RSA Authentication Manager, ROX, RuggedSwitch, Stonesoft NGFW/VPN, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop, SLES, Ubuntu, Unix (platform) ~ not comprehensive, ESX, vCenter Server, VMware vSphere.
Severity: 1/4.
Consequences: denial of service on service.
Provenance: document.
Number of vulnerabilities in this bulletin: 2.
Creation date: 29/09/2014.
Identifiers: 193355, 193866, 194029, 194064, 194669, 480931, c04475942, c04479492, CERTFR-2014-AVI-403, CERTFR-2014-AVI-415, CERTFR-2014-AVI-480, CTX200217, CTX200223, CVE-2014-7186, CVE-2014-7187, ESA-2014-111, ESA-2014-123, ESA-2014-124, ESA-2014-125, ESA-2014-126, ESA-2014-127, ESA-2014-128, ESA-2014-133, ESA-2014-136, ESA-2014-150, ESA-2014-151, ESA-2014-152, ESA-2014-162, HPSBGN03138, HPSBMU03144, JSA10648, JSA10661, MDVSA-2015:164, openSUSE-SU-2014:1229-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1242-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1248-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1308-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1310-1, RHSA-2014:1311-01, RHSA-2014:1312-01, RHSA-2014:1354-01, RHSA-2014:1865-01, SB10085, sk102673, SOL15629, SSA-860967, SUSE-SU-2014:1247-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1247-2, T1021272, USN-2364-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-15419, VMSA-2014-0010, VMSA-2014-0010.10, VMSA-2014-0010.11, VMSA-2014-0010.12, VMSA-2014-0010.13, VMSA-2014-0010.2, VMSA-2014-0010.4, VMSA-2014-0010.7, VMSA-2014-0010.8, VMSA-2014-0010.9.

Description of the vulnerability

Several vulnerabilities were announced in bash.

An attacker can force a read at an invalid address in redir_stack, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:1/4; CVE-2014-7186]

An attacker can generate a buffer overflow of one byte in word_lineno, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to execute code. [severity:1/4; CVE-2014-7187]
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vulnerability alert CVE-2014-7169

bash: code execution via Function Variable

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
Impacted products: Arkoon FAST360, GAiA, CheckPoint IP Appliance, IPSO, SecurePlatform, CheckPoint Security Appliance, CheckPoint Smart-1, CheckPoint VSX-1, Cisco ASR, Cisco ACE, ASA, IOS XE Cisco, Cisco IPS, IronPort Encryption, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Secure ACS, Cisco CUCM, Cisco Unified CCX, XenServer, Clearswift Email Gateway, Clearswift Web Gateway, Debian, Avamar, EMC CAVA, EMC CEE, EMC CEPA, Celerra FAST, Celerra NS, Celerra NX4, EMC CMDCE, Connectrix Switch, NetWorker, PowerPath, Unisphere EMC, VNX Operating Environment, VNX Series, Black Diamond, ExtremeXOS, Summit, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, Fedora, FortiAnalyzer, FortiAnalyzer Virtual Appliance, FortiManager, FortiManager Virtual Appliance, HP Operations, AIX, IVE OS, Junos Space, MAG Series by Juniper, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, Juniper SA, Juniper UAC, McAfee Email and Web Security, McAfee Email Gateway, McAfee MOVE AntiVirus, McAfee NSP, McAfee NGFW, McAfee Web Gateway, openSUSE, Solaris, pfSense, RealPresence Collaboration Server, RealPresence Distributed Media Application, Polycom VBP, RHEL, RSA Authentication Manager, ROX, RuggedSwitch, Slackware, Stonesoft NGFW/VPN, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop, SLES, Ubuntu, Unix (platform) ~ not comprehensive, ESX, vCenter Server, VMware vSphere.
Severity: 3/4.
Consequences: administrator access/rights, privileged access/rights, user access/rights.
Provenance: internet client.
Number of vulnerabilities in this bulletin: 2.
Creation date: 25/09/2014.
Identifiers: 193355, 193866, 194029, 194064, 194669, 480931, c04475942, c04479492, CERTFR-2014-AVI-403, CERTFR-2014-AVI-415, CERTFR-2014-AVI-480, cisco-sa-20140926-bash, CTX200217, CTX200223, CVE-2014-3659-REJECT, CVE-2014-7169, DSA-3035-1, ESA-2014-111, ESA-2014-123, ESA-2014-124, ESA-2014-125, ESA-2014-126, ESA-2014-127, ESA-2014-128, ESA-2014-133, ESA-2014-136, ESA-2014-150, ESA-2014-151, ESA-2014-152, ESA-2014-162, FEDORA-2014-11514, FEDORA-2014-11527, FEDORA-2014-12202, FG-IR-14-030, HPSBGN03138, HPSBMU03144, JSA10648, JSA10661, MDVSA-2014:190, MDVSA-2015:164, openSUSE-SU-2014:1229-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1242-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1248-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1308-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1310-1, pfSense-SA-14_18.packages, RHSA-2014:1306-01, RHSA-2014:1311-01, RHSA-2014:1312-01, RHSA-2014:1354-01, RHSA-2014:1865-01, SB10085, sk102673, SOL15629, SSA:2014-268-01, SSA:2014-268-02, SSA-860967, SUSE-SU-2014:1247-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1247-2, T1021272, USN-2363-1, USN-2363-2, VIGILANCE-VUL-15401, VMSA-2014-0010, VMSA-2014-0010.10, VMSA-2014-0010.11, VMSA-2014-0010.12, VMSA-2014-0010.13, VMSA-2014-0010.2, VMSA-2014-0010.4, VMSA-2014-0010.7, VMSA-2014-0010.8, VMSA-2014-0010.9, VN-2014-002.

Description of the vulnerability

The bulletin VIGILANCE-VUL-15399 describes a vulnerability of bash.

However, the offered patch (VIGILANCE-SOL-36695) is incomplete. An variant of the initial attack can thus still be used to execute code or to create a file.

In this case, the code is run when the variable is parsed (which is not necessarily an environment variable), and not when the shell starts. The impact may thus be lower, but this was not confirmed.

An attacker can therefore define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
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computer vulnerability note CVE-2014-6271

bash: code execution via Environment Variable, ShellShock

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
Impacted products: Arkoon FAST360, GAiA, CheckPoint IP Appliance, IPSO, SecurePlatform, CheckPoint Security Appliance, CheckPoint Smart-1, CheckPoint VSX-1, Cisco ASR, Cisco ACE, ASA, IOS XE Cisco, Cisco IPS, IronPort Encryption, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Secure ACS, Cisco CUCM, Cisco Unified CCX, XenServer, Clearswift Email Gateway, Clearswift Web Gateway, Debian, Avamar, EMC CAVA, EMC CEE, EMC CEPA, Celerra FAST, Celerra NS, Celerra NX4, EMC CMDCE, Connectrix Switch, NetWorker, PowerPath, Unisphere EMC, VNX Operating Environment, VNX Series, Black Diamond, ExtremeXOS, Summit, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, Fedora, FortiAnalyzer, FortiAnalyzer Virtual Appliance, FortiManager, FortiManager Virtual Appliance, HP Operations, AIX, IVE OS, Junos Space, MAG Series by Juniper, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, Juniper SA, Juniper UAC, McAfee Email and Web Security, McAfee Email Gateway, McAfee MOVE AntiVirus, McAfee NSP, McAfee NGFW, McAfee Web Gateway, openSUSE, Solaris, pfSense, RealPresence Collaboration Server, RealPresence Distributed Media Application, Polycom VBP, RHEL, RSA Authentication Manager, ROX, RuggedSwitch, Slackware, Stonesoft NGFW/VPN, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop, SLES, Ubuntu, Unix (platform) ~ not comprehensive, ESX, vCenter Server, VMware vSphere.
Severity: 4/4.
Consequences: administrator access/rights, privileged access/rights, user access/rights.
Provenance: internet client.
Creation date: 24/09/2014.
Identifiers: 1141597, 193355, 193866, 194029, 194064, 194669, 480931, c04475942, c04479492, CERTFR-2014-ALE-006, CERTFR-2014-AVI-403, CERTFR-2014-AVI-415, CERTFR-2014-AVI-480, cisco-sa-20140926-bash, CTX200217, CTX200223, CVE-2014-6271, DSA-3032-1, ESA-2014-111, ESA-2014-123, ESA-2014-124, ESA-2014-125, ESA-2014-126, ESA-2014-127, ESA-2014-128, ESA-2014-133, ESA-2014-136, ESA-2014-150, ESA-2014-151, ESA-2014-152, ESA-2014-162, FEDORA-2014-11360, FEDORA-2014-11503, FG-IR-14-030, HPSBGN03138, HPSBMU03144, JSA10648, JSA10661, MDVSA-2014:186, MDVSA-2015:164, openSUSE-SU-2014:1226-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1238-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1308-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1310-1, pfSense-SA-14_18.packages, RHSA-2014:1293-01, RHSA-2014:1294-01, RHSA-2014:1295-01, RHSA-2014:1354-01, SB10085, ShellShock, sk102673, SOL15629, SSA:2014-267-01, SSA-860967, SUSE-SU-2014:1212-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1213-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1214-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1223-1, T1021272, USN-2362-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-15399, VMSA-2014-0010, VMSA-2014-0010.10, VMSA-2014-0010.11, VMSA-2014-0010.12, VMSA-2014-0010.13, VMSA-2014-0010.2, VMSA-2014-0010.4, VMSA-2014-0010.7, VMSA-2014-0010.8, VMSA-2014-0010.9, VN-2014-002, VU#252743.

Description of the vulnerability

When bash interpreter is started, environment variables of the parent process are transfered to the current process. For example:
  export A=test
  bash
  echo $A

Functions can also be transfered through environment variables. For example:
  export F='() { echo bonjour; }'
  bash
  F

However, bash loads functions by interpreting the full environment variable. If an environment variable starts with "() {" and ends with "; command", then the command is run when the shell is started.

The main attack vectors are:
 - CGI scripts (Apache mod_cgi, mod_cgid) on a web server (variables: HTTP_header, REMOTE_HOST, SERVER_PROTOCOL)
 - OpenSSH via AcceptEnv (variables : TERM, ForceCommand avec SSH_ORIGINAL_COMMAND)

An attacker can therefore define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
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