The Vigil@nce team watches public vulnerabilities impacting your computers, and then offers security solutions, a database and tools to fix them.

Computer vulnerabilities of Nokia IPSO

computer vulnerability bulletin CVE-2014-8730 CVE-2015-2774

Check Point, Cisco, IBM, F5, FortiOS: information disclosure via POODLE on TLS

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker, located as a Man-in-the-Middle, can decrypt a Terminating TLS session, in order to obtain sensitive information.
Severity: 3/4.
Number of vulnerabilities in this bulletin: 2.
Creation date: 09/12/2014.
Revision date: 17/12/2014.
Identifiers: 1450666, 1610582, 1647054, 1692906, 1693052, 1693142, bulletinjul2017, CERTFR-2014-AVI-533, CSCus08101, CSCus09311, CVE-2014-8730, CVE-2015-2774, FEDORA-2015-12923, FEDORA-2015-12970, openSUSE-SU-2016:0523-1, sk103683, SOL15882, USN-3571-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-15756.
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Description of the vulnerability

The VIGILANCE-VUL-15485 (POODLE) vulnerability originates from an incorrect management of SSLv3 padding.

The F5 BIG-IP product can be configured to "terminate" SSL/TLS sessions. However, even when TLS is used, this BIG-IP feature uses the SSLv3 function to manage the padding. TLS sessions are thus also vulnerable to POODLE.

The same vulnerability also impacts Check Point, Cisco, IBM and Fortinet products.

An attacker, located as a Man-in-the-Middle, can therefore decrypt a Terminating TLS session, in order to obtain sensitive information.
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computer weakness note CVE-2014-8951

Check Point Security Gateway: denial of service via UserCheck

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can generate an error in UserCheck of Check Point Security Gateway, in order to trigger a denial of service.
Severity: 2/4.
Creation date: 17/11/2014.
Identifiers: CVE-2014-8951, sk100505, VIGILANCE-VUL-15656.
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Description of the vulnerability

The UserCheck feature can be enabled on the Check Point Security Gateway product.

However, a redirect to the UserCheck page triggers a fatal error in uc_set_redirect_url().

An attacker can therefore generate an error in UserCheck of Check Point Security Gateway, in order to trigger a denial of service.
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computer threat CVE-2014-8950

Check Point Security Gateway: denial of service via HTTPS

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can send a malicious HTTPS packet to Check Point Security Gateway, in order to trigger a denial of service.
Severity: 2/4.
Creation date: 17/11/2014.
Identifiers: CVE-2014-8950, sk98935, VIGILANCE-VUL-15655.
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Description of the vulnerability

The URL Filtering or Identity Awareness feature can be enabled on the Check Point Security Gateway product.

However, when a malicious HTTPS packet is received, a fatal error occurs.

An attacker can therefore send a malicious HTTPS packet to Check Point Security Gateway, in order to trigger a denial of service.
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computer threat alert CVE-2014-3566

SSL 3.0: decrypting session, POODLE

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker, located as a Man-in-the-Middle, can decrypt a SSL 3.0 session, in order to obtain sensitive information.
Severity: 3/4.
Creation date: 15/10/2014.
Identifiers: 10923, 1589583, 1595265, 1653364, 1657963, 1663874, 1687167, 1687173, 1687433, 1687604, 1687611, 1690160, 1690185, 1690342, 1691140, 1692551, 1695392, 1696383, 1699051, 1700706, 2977292, 3009008, 7036319, aid-10142014, AST-2014-011, bulletinapr2015, bulletinjan2015, bulletinjan2016, bulletinjul2015, bulletinjul2016, bulletinoct2015, c04486577, c04487990, c04492722, c04497114, c04506802, c04510230, c04567918, c04616259, c04626982, c04676133, c04776510, CERTFR-2014-ALE-007, CERTFR-2014-AVI-454, CERTFR-2014-AVI-509, CERTFR-2015-AVI-169, CERTFR-2016-AVI-303, cisco-sa-20141015-poodle, cpujul2017, CTX216642, CVE-2014-3566, DSA-3053-1, DSA-3253-1, DSA-3489-1, ESA-2014-178, ESA-2015-098, ESXi500-201502001, ESXi500-201502101-SG, ESXi510-201503001, ESXi510-201503001-SG, ESXi510-201503101-SG, ESXi550-201501001, ESXi550-201501101-SG, FEDORA-2014-12989, FEDORA-2014-12991, FEDORA-2014-13012, FEDORA-2014-13017, FEDORA-2014-13040, FEDORA-2014-13069, FEDORA-2014-13070, FEDORA-2014-13444, FEDORA-2014-13451, FEDORA-2014-13764, FEDORA-2014-13777, FEDORA-2014-13781, FEDORA-2014-13794, FEDORA-2014-14234, FEDORA-2014-14237, FEDORA-2014-15379, FEDORA-2014-15390, FEDORA-2014-15411, FEDORA-2014-17576, FEDORA-2014-17587, FEDORA-2015-9090, FEDORA-2015-9110, FreeBSD-SA-14:23.openssl, FSC-2014-8, HPSBGN03256, HPSBGN03305, HPSBGN03332, HPSBHF03156, HPSBHF03300, HPSBMU03152, HPSBMU03184, HPSBMU03213, HPSBMU03416, HPSBUX03162, HPSBUX03194, JSA10656, MDVSA-2014:203, MDVSA-2014:218, MDVSA-2015:062, NetBSD-SA2014-015, nettcp_advisory, openSUSE-SU-2014:1331-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1384-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1395-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1426-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:0640-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:1586-1, openSUSE-SU-2017:0980-1, PAN-SA-2014-0005, POODLE, RHSA-2014:1652-01, RHSA-2014:1653-01, RHSA-2014:1692-01, RHSA-2014:1920-01, RHSA-2014:1948-01, RHSA-2015:0010-01, RHSA-2015:0011-01, RHSA-2015:0012-01, RHSA-2015:1545-01, RHSA-2015:1546-01, SA83, SB10090, SB10104, sk102989, SOL15702, SP-CAAANKE, SP-CAAANST, SPL-91947, SPL-91948, SSA:2014-288-01, SSA-396873, SSA-472334, SSRT101767, STORM-2014-02-FR, SUSE-SU-2014:1357-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1361-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1386-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1387-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1387-2, SUSE-SU-2014:1409-1, SUSE-SU-2015:0010-1, SUSE-SU-2016:1457-1, SUSE-SU-2016:1459-1, T1021439, TSB16540, USN-2839-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-15485, VMSA-2015-0001, VMSA-2015-0001.1, VMSA-2015-0001.2, VN-2014-003, VU#577193.
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Description of the vulnerability

An SSL/TLS session can be established using several protocols:
 - SSL 2.0 (obsolete)
 - SSL 3.0
 - TLS 1.0
 - TLS 1.1
 - TLS 1.2

An attacker can downgrade the version to SSLv3. However, with SSL 3.0, an attacker can change the padding position with a CBC encryption, in order to progressively guess clear text fragments.

This vulnerability is named POODLE (Padding Oracle On Downgraded Legacy Encryption).

An attacker, located as a Man-in-the-Middle, can therefore decrypt a SSL 3.0 session, in order to obtain sensitive information.
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security alert CVE-2014-6278

bash: command execution in the function parser

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
Severity: 3/4.
Creation date: 29/09/2014.
Identifiers: 193355, 193866, 194029, 194064, 194669, 480931, c04475942, c04479492, CERTFR-2014-AVI-403, CERTFR-2014-AVI-415, CERTFR-2014-AVI-480, CTX200217, CTX200223, CVE-2014-6278, ESA-2014-111, ESA-2014-123, ESA-2014-124, ESA-2014-125, ESA-2014-126, ESA-2014-127, ESA-2014-128, ESA-2014-133, ESA-2014-136, ESA-2014-150, ESA-2014-151, ESA-2014-152, ESA-2014-162, HPSBGN03138, HPSBMU03144, JSA10648, JSA10661, MDVSA-2015:164, openSUSE-SU-2014:1310-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:2961-1, SB10085, sk102673, SOL15629, SSA:2014-272-01, SSA-860967, T1021272, USN-2380-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-15421, VMSA-2014-0010, VMSA-2014-0010.10, VMSA-2014-0010.11, VMSA-2014-0010.12, VMSA-2014-0010.13, VMSA-2014-0010.2, VMSA-2014-0010.4, VMSA-2014-0010.7, VMSA-2014-0010.8, VMSA-2014-0010.9.
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Description of the vulnerability

The bash interpreter can use functions.

However, when bash parses the source code to create the function, it directly executes commands located at some places.

This vulnerability can be used with the same attack vector than VIGILANCE-VUL-15399.

An attacker can therefore define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
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vulnerability note CVE-2014-6277

bash: memory corruption in the function parser

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
Severity: 3/4.
Creation date: 29/09/2014.
Identifiers: 193355, 193866, 194029, 194064, 194669, 480931, c04475942, c04479492, CERTFR-2014-AVI-403, CERTFR-2014-AVI-415, CERTFR-2014-AVI-480, CTX200217, CTX200223, CVE-2014-6277, ESA-2014-111, ESA-2014-123, ESA-2014-124, ESA-2014-125, ESA-2014-126, ESA-2014-127, ESA-2014-128, ESA-2014-133, ESA-2014-136, ESA-2014-150, ESA-2014-151, ESA-2014-152, ESA-2014-162, HPSBGN03138, HPSBMU03144, JSA10648, JSA10661, MDVSA-2015:164, openSUSE-SU-2014:1310-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:2961-1, SB10085, sk102673, SOL15629, SSA:2014-272-01, SSA-860967, T1021272, USN-2380-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-15420, VMSA-2014-0010, VMSA-2014-0010.10, VMSA-2014-0010.11, VMSA-2014-0010.12, VMSA-2014-0010.13, VMSA-2014-0010.2, VMSA-2014-0010.4, VMSA-2014-0010.7, VMSA-2014-0010.8, VMSA-2014-0010.9.
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Description of the vulnerability

The bash interpreter can use functions.

However, when bash parses the source code to create the function, it corrupts its memory.

This vulnerability can be used with the same attack vector than VIGILANCE-VUL-15399.

An attacker can therefore define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
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weakness CVE-2014-7186 CVE-2014-7187

bash: two denial of service

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can use several vulnerabilities of bash.
Severity: 1/4.
Number of vulnerabilities in this bulletin: 2.
Creation date: 29/09/2014.
Identifiers: 193355, 193866, 194029, 194064, 194669, 480931, c04475942, c04479492, CERTFR-2014-AVI-403, CERTFR-2014-AVI-415, CERTFR-2014-AVI-480, CTX200217, CTX200223, CVE-2014-7186, CVE-2014-7187, ESA-2014-111, ESA-2014-123, ESA-2014-124, ESA-2014-125, ESA-2014-126, ESA-2014-127, ESA-2014-128, ESA-2014-133, ESA-2014-136, ESA-2014-150, ESA-2014-151, ESA-2014-152, ESA-2014-162, HPSBGN03138, HPSBMU03144, JSA10648, JSA10661, MDVSA-2015:164, openSUSE-SU-2014:1229-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1242-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1248-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1308-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1310-1, RHSA-2014:1311-01, RHSA-2014:1312-01, RHSA-2014:1354-01, RHSA-2014:1865-01, SB10085, sk102673, SOL15629, SSA-860967, SUSE-SU-2014:1247-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1247-2, T1021272, USN-2364-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-15419, VMSA-2014-0010, VMSA-2014-0010.10, VMSA-2014-0010.11, VMSA-2014-0010.12, VMSA-2014-0010.13, VMSA-2014-0010.2, VMSA-2014-0010.4, VMSA-2014-0010.7, VMSA-2014-0010.8, VMSA-2014-0010.9.
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Description of the vulnerability

Several vulnerabilities were announced in bash.

An attacker can force a read at an invalid address in redir_stack, in order to trigger a denial of service. [severity:1/4; CVE-2014-7186]

An attacker can generate a buffer overflow of one byte in word_lineno, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to execute code. [severity:1/4; CVE-2014-7187]
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threat alert CVE-2014-7169

bash: code execution via Function Variable

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
Severity: 3/4.
Number of vulnerabilities in this bulletin: 2.
Creation date: 25/09/2014.
Identifiers: 193355, 193866, 194029, 194064, 194669, 480931, c04475942, c04479492, CERTFR-2014-AVI-403, CERTFR-2014-AVI-415, CERTFR-2014-AVI-480, cisco-sa-20140926-bash, CTX200217, CTX200223, CVE-2014-3659-REJECT, CVE-2014-7169, DSA-3035-1, ESA-2014-111, ESA-2014-123, ESA-2014-124, ESA-2014-125, ESA-2014-126, ESA-2014-127, ESA-2014-128, ESA-2014-133, ESA-2014-136, ESA-2014-150, ESA-2014-151, ESA-2014-152, ESA-2014-162, FEDORA-2014-11514, FEDORA-2014-11527, FEDORA-2014-12202, FG-IR-14-030, HPSBGN03138, HPSBMU03144, JSA10648, JSA10661, MDVSA-2014:190, MDVSA-2015:164, openSUSE-SU-2014:1229-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1242-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1248-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1308-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1310-1, pfSense-SA-14_18.packages, RHSA-2014:1306-01, RHSA-2014:1311-01, RHSA-2014:1312-01, RHSA-2014:1354-01, RHSA-2014:1865-01, SB10085, sk102673, SOL15629, SSA:2014-268-01, SSA:2014-268-02, SSA-860967, SUSE-SU-2014:1247-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1247-2, T1021272, USN-2363-1, USN-2363-2, VIGILANCE-VUL-15401, VMSA-2014-0010, VMSA-2014-0010.10, VMSA-2014-0010.11, VMSA-2014-0010.12, VMSA-2014-0010.13, VMSA-2014-0010.2, VMSA-2014-0010.4, VMSA-2014-0010.7, VMSA-2014-0010.8, VMSA-2014-0010.9, VN-2014-002.
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Description of the vulnerability

The bulletin VIGILANCE-VUL-15399 describes a vulnerability of bash.

However, the offered patch (VIGILANCE-SOL-36695) is incomplete. An variant of the initial attack can thus still be used to execute code or to create a file.

In this case, the code is run when the variable is parsed (which is not necessarily an environment variable), and not when the shell starts. The impact may thus be lower, but this was not confirmed.

An attacker can therefore define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
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cybersecurity weakness CVE-2014-6271

bash: code execution via Environment Variable, ShellShock

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
Severity: 4/4.
Creation date: 24/09/2014.
Identifiers: 1141597, 193355, 193866, 194029, 194064, 194669, 480931, c04475942, c04479492, CERTFR-2014-ALE-006, CERTFR-2014-AVI-403, CERTFR-2014-AVI-415, CERTFR-2014-AVI-480, cisco-sa-20140926-bash, CTX200217, CTX200223, CVE-2014-6271, DSA-3032-1, ESA-2014-111, ESA-2014-123, ESA-2014-124, ESA-2014-125, ESA-2014-126, ESA-2014-127, ESA-2014-128, ESA-2014-133, ESA-2014-136, ESA-2014-150, ESA-2014-151, ESA-2014-152, ESA-2014-162, FEDORA-2014-11360, FEDORA-2014-11503, FG-IR-14-030, HPSBGN03138, HPSBMU03144, JSA10648, JSA10661, MDVSA-2014:186, MDVSA-2015:164, openSUSE-SU-2014:1226-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1238-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1308-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:1310-1, pfSense-SA-14_18.packages, RHSA-2014:1293-01, RHSA-2014:1294-01, RHSA-2014:1295-01, RHSA-2014:1354-01, SB10085, ShellShock, sk102673, SOL15629, SSA:2014-267-01, SSA-860967, SUSE-SU-2014:1212-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1213-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1214-1, SUSE-SU-2014:1223-1, T1021272, USN-2362-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-15399, VMSA-2014-0010, VMSA-2014-0010.10, VMSA-2014-0010.11, VMSA-2014-0010.12, VMSA-2014-0010.13, VMSA-2014-0010.2, VMSA-2014-0010.4, VMSA-2014-0010.7, VMSA-2014-0010.8, VMSA-2014-0010.9, VN-2014-002, VU#252743.
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Description of the vulnerability

When bash interpreter is started, environment variables of the parent process are transfered to the current process. For example:
  export A=test
  bash
  echo $A

Functions can also be transfered through environment variables. For example:
  export F='() { echo bonjour; }'
  bash
  F

However, bash loads functions by interpreting the full environment variable. If an environment variable starts with "() {" and ends with "; command", then the command is run when the shell is started.

The main attack vectors are:
 - CGI scripts (Apache mod_cgi, mod_cgid) on a web server (variables: HTTP_header, REMOTE_HOST, SERVER_PROTOCOL)
 - OpenSSH via AcceptEnv (variables : TERM, ForceCommand avec SSH_ORIGINAL_COMMAND)

An attacker can therefore define a special environment variable, which is transmitted (via CGI or OpenSSH for example) to bash, in order to execute code.
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cybersecurity alert CVE-2014-0224

OpenSSL: man in the middle via ChangeCipherSpec

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can act as a man in the middle between a client and a server using OpenSSL, in order to read or alter exchanged data.
Severity: 3/4.
Creation date: 05/06/2014.
Revision date: 05/06/2014.
Identifiers: 1676496, 1690827, aid-06062014, c04336637, c04347622, c04363613, CERTFR-2014-AVI-253, CERTFR-2014-AVI-254, CERTFR-2014-AVI-255, CERTFR-2014-AVI-260, CERTFR-2014-AVI-274, CERTFR-2014-AVI-279, CERTFR-2014-AVI-286, CERTFR-2014-AVI-513, cisco-sa-20140605-openssl, cpuoct2016, CTX140876, CVE-2014-0224, DOC-53313, DSA-2950-1, DSA-2950-2, FEDORA-2014-17576, FEDORA-2014-17587, FEDORA-2014-7101, FEDORA-2014-7102, FG-IR-14-018, FreeBSD-SA-14:14.openssl, HPSBHF03052, HPSBUX03046, JSA10629, MDVSA-2014:105, MDVSA-2014:106, MDVSA-2015:062, NetBSD-SA2014-006, openSUSE-SU-2014:0764-1, openSUSE-SU-2014:0765-1, openSUSE-SU-2015:0229-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:0640-1, RHSA-2014:0624-01, RHSA-2014:0625-01, RHSA-2014:0626-01, RHSA-2014:0627-01, RHSA-2014:0628-01, RHSA-2014:0629-01, RHSA-2014:0630-01, RHSA-2014:0631-01, RHSA-2014:0632-01, RHSA-2014:0633-01, RHSA-2014:0679-01, RHSA-2014:0680-01, SA40006, SA80, SB10075, sk101186, SOL15325, SPL-85063, SSA:2014-156-03, SSA-234763, SSRT101590, SUSE-SU-2014:0759-1, SUSE-SU-2014:0759-2, SUSE-SU-2014:0761-1, SUSE-SU-2014:0762-1, USN-2232-1, USN-2232-2, USN-2232-3, USN-2232-4, VIGILANCE-VUL-14844, VMSA-2014-0006, VMSA-2014-0006.1, VMSA-2014-0006.10, VMSA-2014-0006.11, VMSA-2014-0006.2, VMSA-2014-0006.3, VMSA-2014-0006.4, VMSA-2014-0006.5, VMSA-2014-0006.6, VMSA-2014-0006.7, VMSA-2014-0006.8, VMSA-2014-0006.9, VU#978508.
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Description of the vulnerability

The OpenSSL product implements SSL/TLS, which uses a handshake.

However, by using a handshake with a ChangeCipherSpec message, an attacker can force the usage of weak keys.

An attacker can therefore act as a man in the middle between a client and a server using OpenSSL, in order to read or alter exchanged data.
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