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Cisco Secure Access Control Server: external XML entity injection
Synthesis of the vulnerability
An attacker can transmit malicious XML data to Cisco Secure Access Control Server, in order to read a file, scan sites, or trigger a denial of service.
Vulnerable software: Secure ACS.
Severity of this announce: 2/4.
Consequences of an intrusion: data reading, denial of service on service.
Attacker's origin: document.
Creation date: 08/03/2018.
Références of this computer vulnerability: cisco-sa-20180307-acs1, CSCve70616, CVE-2018-0218, VIGILANCE-VUL-25483.
Description of the vulnerability
XML data can contain external entities (DTD):
<!ENTITY name SYSTEM "file">
<!ENTITY name SYSTEM "http://server/file">
A program which reads these XML data can replace these entities by data coming from the indicated file. When the program uses XML data coming from an untrusted source, this behavior leads to:
- content disclosure from files of the server
- private web site scan
- a denial of service by opening a blocking file
This feature must be disabled to process XML data coming from an untrusted source.
However, the Cisco Secure Access Control Server parser allows external entities.
An attacker can therefore transmit malicious XML data to Cisco Secure Access Control Server, in order to read a file, scan sites, or trigger a denial of service.
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