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Vulnerability of Linux kernel: memory corruption via f2fs

Synthesis of the vulnerability 

An attacker can generate a memory corruption via f2fs of the Linux kernel, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to run code.
Vulnerable software: Android OS, Linux, Synology DSM, Synology DS***, Synology RS***, Ubuntu.
Severity of this announce: 2/4.
Creation date: 16/08/2017.
Références of this computer vulnerability: CERTFR-2017-AVI-307, CERTFR-2017-AVI-384, CVE-2017-10663, USN-3420-1, USN-3420-2, USN-3468-1, USN-3468-2, USN-3468-3, USN-3470-1, USN-3470-2, VIGILANCE-VUL-23533.

Description of the vulnerability 

An attacker can generate a memory corruption via f2fs of the Linux kernel, in order to trigger a denial of service, and possibly to run code.
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This cybersecurity bulletin impacts software or systems such as Android OS, Linux, Synology DSM, Synology DS***, Synology RS***, Ubuntu.

Our Vigil@nce team determined that the severity of this cybersecurity weakness is medium.

The trust level is of type confirmed by the editor, with an origin of user shell.

An attacker with a expert ability can exploit this computer vulnerability bulletin.

Solutions for this threat 

Linux kernel: version 4.9.42.
The version 4.9.42 is fixed:
  https://cdn.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v4.x/

Linux kernel: version 4.4.81.
The version 4.4.81 is fixed:
  https://cdn.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v4.x/

Linux kernel: version 4.1.44.
The version 4.1.44 is fixed:
  https://cdn.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v4.x/

Linux kernel: version 3.18.64.
The version 3.18.64 is fixed:
  https://cdn.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v3.x/

Linux kernel: patch for f2fs.
A patch is indicated in information sources.

Android OS: patch 2017-08.
A patch is available:
  https://developers.google.com/android/nexus/images

Synology DS/RS: version 6.1.3-15152-4.
The version 6.1.3-15152-4 is fixed:
  https://www.synology.com/

Synology DS/RS: version 6.1.4-15217.
The version 6.1.4-15217 is fixed:
  https://www.synology.com/

Ubuntu: new linux-image-3.13.0 packages.
New packages are available:
  Ubuntu 14.04 LTS: linux-image-generic 3.13.0.135.144
  Ubuntu 12.04 ESM: linux-image-generic-lts-trusty 3.13.0.135.125

Ubuntu: new linux-image-4.10.0 packages.
New packages are available:
  Ubuntu 17.04: linux-image-generic 4.10.0.38.38
  Ubuntu 16.04 LTS: linux-image-4.10.0-38-generic 4.10.0-38.42~16.04.1

Ubuntu: new linux-image-4.4.0 packages.
New packages are available:
  Ubuntu 16.04 LTS: linux-image-4.4.0-96-generic 4.4.0-96.119
  Ubuntu 14.04 LTS: linux-image-4.4.0-96-generic 4.4.0-96.119~14.04.1
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