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computer vulnerability CVE-2016-2177

OpenSSL: out-of-bounds memory reading

Synthesis of the vulnerability

An attacker can force a memory access at an invalid address in OpenSSL, in order to trigger a denial of service, or to obtain sensitive information.
Vulnerable software: Blue Coat CAS, ProxyAV, ProxySG par Blue Coat, SGOS by Blue Coat, Cisco ASR, Cisco Aironet, Cisco ATA, Cisco AnyConnect Secure Mobility Client, Cisco ACE, ASA, AsyncOS, Cisco Catalyst, Cisco Content SMA, Cisco ESA, IOS by Cisco, IOS XE Cisco, IOS XR Cisco, Cisco IPS, Nexus by Cisco, NX-OS, Cisco Prime Access Registrar, Prime Collaboration Assurance, Cisco Prime DCNM, Prime Infrastructure, Cisco Prime LMS, Cisco Router, Secure ACS, Cisco CUCM, Cisco Manager Attendant Console, Cisco Unified CCX, Cisco IP Phone, Cisco MeetingPlace, Cisco Wireless IP Phone, Cisco WSA, Cisco Wireless Controller, Debian, BIG-IP Hardware, TMOS, Fedora, FileZilla Server, FortiAnalyzer, FortiAnalyzer Virtual Appliance, FortiGate, FortiGate Virtual Appliance, FortiOS, FreeBSD, FreeRADIUS, hMailServer, HP Switch, AIX, DB2 UDB, QRadar SIEM, Tivoli Storage Manager, Tivoli Workload Scheduler, WebSphere MQ, Juniper J-Series, Junos OS, Junos Space, NSM Central Manager, NSMXpress, McAfee Email Gateway, ePO, NetScreen Firewall, ScreenOS, Nodejs Core, OpenSSL, openSUSE, openSUSE Leap, Oracle Communications, Oracle Directory Server, Oracle Directory Services Plus, Oracle Fusion Middleware, Oracle GlassFish Server, Oracle Identity Management, Oracle iPlanet Web Server, Solaris, Tuxedo, WebLogic, Oracle Web Tier, pfSense, Pulse Connect Secure, Pulse Secure Client, Pulse Secure SBR, RHEL, JBoss EAP by Red Hat, SAS Add-in for Microsoft Office, SAS Analytics Pro, Base SAS Software, SAS Enterprise BI Server, SAS Enterprise Guide, SAS Management Console, SAS OLAP Server, SAS SAS/ACCESS, SAS SAS/AF, SAS SAS/CONNECT, SAS SAS/EIS, SAS SAS/ETS, SAS SAS/FSP, SAS SAS/GRAPH, SAS SAS/IML, SAS SAS/OR, SAS SAS/STAT, SAS SAS/Web Report Studio, Slackware, Splunk Enterprise, stunnel, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop, SLES, Synology DS***, Synology RS***, Nessus, Ubuntu, WinSCP.
Severity of this announce: 1/4.
Consequences of an intrusion: data reading, denial of service on server, denial of service on service, denial of service on client.
Attacker's origin: internet client.
Creation date: 09/06/2016.
Références of this computer vulnerability: 1991866, 1991867, 1991870, 1991871, 1991875, 1991876, 1991878, 1991880, 1991882, 1991884, 1991885, 1991886, 1991887, 1991889, 1991892, 1991894, 1991896, 1991902, 1991903, 1991951, 1991955, 1991959, 1991960, 1991961, 1996096, 1999395, 1999421, 1999474, 1999478, 1999479, 1999488, 1999532, 1999724, 2000095, 2000209, 2000544, 2001805, 2002770, 2002870, 2003480, 2003620, 2003673, 2008828, bulletinapr2016, bulletinapr2017, bulletinjul2016, CERTFR-2016-AVI-333, cisco-sa-20160927-openssl, cpuapr2017, cpujan2018, cpuoct2017, CVE-2016-2177, DLA-637-1, DSA-3673-1, DSA-3673-2, FEDORA-2016-97454404fe, FEDORA-2016-a555159613, FG-IR-16-047, FG-IR-16-048, FG-IR-17-127, FreeBSD-SA-16:26.openssl, HPESBHF03763, HPESBHF03856, JSA10759, openSUSE-SU-2016:2391-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:2407-1, openSUSE-SU-2016:2537-1, openSUSE-SU-2018:0458-1, RHSA-2016:1940-01, RHSA-2017:1548-01, RHSA-2017:1549-01, RHSA-2017:1550-01, RHSA-2017:1551-01, RHSA-2017:1552-01, RHSA-2017:1658-01, RHSA-2017:1659-01, SA132, SA40312, SB10165, SB10215, SOL23873366, SP-CAAAPUE, SPL-129207, SSA:2016-266-01, SUSE-SU-2016:2387-1, SUSE-SU-2016:2394-1, SUSE-SU-2016:2458-1, SUSE-SU-2016:2468-1, SUSE-SU-2016:2469-1, TNS-2016-16, USN-3087-1, USN-3087-2, USN-3181-1, VIGILANCE-VUL-19855.

Description of the vulnerability

The source code of OpenSSL includes many loops where a pointer is used to go through a buffer.

The definition of the C language allows a pointer to be off by one byte after the buffer, but the behavior of any further access is undefined. Several end of loop tests follows the forme "pointer + current data length > end pointer" in such a way that these 2 expressions are not always defined according to the language specification. An attacker which can control dynamic memory allocations can trigger evaluation of undefined conditions and perhaps invalid memory access.

An attacker can therefore force a memory access at an invalid address in OpenSSL, in order to trigger a denial of service, or to obtain sensitive information.
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